BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
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The Federal Justice Statistics Program (FJSP) provides comprehensive and detailed information about the federal justice system's processing of criminal cases. It includes annual data on the workload, activities, and outcomes associated with federal criminal cases. 

This program covers seven stages of federal criminal case processing:

  • Arrest refers to the arrest of a suspect by a federal law enforcement agency.
  • Prosecution refers to the investigation of criminal matters.
  • Pretrial release includes the release and detention of defendants before adjudication.
  • Adjudication covers the criminal court proceedings through case disposition.
  • Sentencing covers sentences imposed on convicted defendants.
  • Appeals covers cases filed and terminated on appeals.
  • Corrections includes offenders under supervision (i.e., probation, supervised release, or parole) and offenders in prison.

The FJSP receives the source data from the U.S. Marshals Service, Drug Enforcement Administration, Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys, Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, U.S. Sentencing Commission, and Federal Bureau of Prisons. See the Federal Justice Statistics series for data covering 2005 through the present. For archived data from previous years, see the Compendium of Federal Justice Statistics series.

Data Collections & Surveys

Publications & Products


Immigration, Citizenship, and the Federal Justice System, 1998-2018 This is the first BJS report that comprehensively describes the citizenship of suspects arrested and prosecuted for federal offenses.
  Press release (Press Release 200K) | Summary (PDF 489K) | Full report (PDF 565K) | Data tables (Zip format 98K)

Tribal Crime Data-Collection Activities, 2019 Describes activities by the Bureau of Justice Statistics to collect and improve data on crime and justice in Indian country, including data-collection programs and activities during 2018 and 2019.
  Full report (PDF 403K) | Data tables (Zip format 12K)
Part of the Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities Series

Federal Justice Statistics, 2015-2016 Describes the annual activity, workloads, and outcomes of the federal criminal justice system from arrest to imprisonment.
  Summary (PDF 195K) | Full report (PDF 1.21M) | Data tables (Zip format 21K)
Part of the Federal Justice Statistics Series

Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities, 2016-18 Describes activities by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) to collect and improve data on crime and justice in Indian country, as required by the Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010 (TLOA).
  Full report (PDF 377K)
Part of the Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities Series

Federal Prosecution of Human-Trafficking Cases, 2015 - Press release FEDERAL HUMAN TRAFFICKING PROSECUTIONS INCREASED MORE THAN 40 PERCENT FROM 2011 TO 2015
  Press Release (202K)
Part of the Characteristics of Suspected Human-Trafficking Incidents Series

Federal Prosecution of Human-Trafficking Cases, 2015 Presents national data on human-trafficking cases in the federal criminal justice system. Human-trafficking offenses include peonage, slavery, forced labor, or sex trafficking; production of child pornography; and transportation for illegal sex activity.
  Press Release (202K) | Summary (PDF 217K) | Full report (PDF 1M) | Data tables (Zip format 17K)
Part of the Characteristics of Suspected Human-Trafficking Incidents Series

Federal Prosecution of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children Cases, 2004-2013 Examines commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) cases prosecuted in the federal criminal justice system between 2004 and 2013.
  Press Release | Summary (PDF 192K) | PDF (528K) | ASCII file (31K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 13K)
Part of the Characteristics of Suspected Human-Trafficking Incidents Series

Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities, 2017 Describes Bureau of Justice Statistics' (BJS) activities to collect and improve data on crime and justice in Indian country, as required by the Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010.
  PDF (401K) | ASCII file (30K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Spreadsheet 1K)
Part of the Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities Series

Federal Justice Statistics, 2014 - Statistical Tables Describes the annual activity, workloads, and outcomes of the federal criminal justice system from arrest to imprisonment, using data from the U.S. Marshals Service (USMS), Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys (EOUSA), Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts (AOUSC), and Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP).
  PDF (3.9M) | ASCII file (87K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 50K)
Part of the Federal Justice Statistics Series

Federal Justice Statistics, 2013-2014 Describes the annual activity, workloads, and outcomes of the federal criminal justice system from arrest to imprisonment, using data from U.S. Marshals Service (USMS), Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys (EOUSA), Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts (AOUSC), and the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP).
  Summary (PDF 250K) | PDF (3.93M) | ASCII file (85K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 57K)
Part of the Federal Justice Statistics Series

Terms & Definitions

Drug possession Includes possession of an illegal drug, but excludes possession with intent to sell.
 
Drug trafficking Includes manufacturing, distributing, selling, smuggling, and possession with intent to sell.
 
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