BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
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The Federal Justice Statistics Program (FJSP) provides comprehensive and detailed information about the federal justice system's processing of criminal cases. It includes annual data on the workload, activities, and outcomes associated with federal criminal cases. 

This program covers seven stages of federal criminal case processing:

  • Arrest refers to the arrest of a suspect by a federal law enforcement agency.
  • Prosecution refers to the investigation of criminal matters.
  • Pretrial release includes the release and detention of defendants before adjudication.
  • Adjudication covers the criminal court proceedings through case disposition.
  • Sentencing covers sentences imposed on convicted defendants.
  • Appeals covers cases filed and terminated on appeals.
  • Corrections includes offenders under supervision (i.e., probation, supervised release, or parole) and offenders in prison.

The FJSP receives the source data from the U.S. Marshals Service, Drug Enforcement Administration, Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys, Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, U.S. Sentencing Commission, and Federal Bureau of Prisons. See the Federal Justice Statistics series for data covering 2005 through the present. For archived data from previous years, see the Compendium of Federal Justice Statistics series.

Data Collections & Surveys

Publications & Products


Federal Prisoner Statistics Collected under the First Step Act, 2020 This is the second report as required under the First Step Act of 2018 (FSA; P.L. 115-391). It includes data on federal prisoners provided to BJS by the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) for calendar year 2019, the first full year of BOP operation under the FSA.
  Full report (PDF 516K) | Data tables (Zip format 16K)
Part of the Federal Prisoner Statistics Collected under the First Step Act Series

Federal Justice Statistics, 2015 - Statistical Tables This report is based on data from BJS's Federal Justice Statistics Program, which began in 1979. It provides national statistics on the federal response to crime for fiscal year 2015.
  Full report (PDF 1.8M) | Data tables (Zip format 56K)
Part of the Federal Justice Statistics Series

Federal Justice Statistics, 2016 - Statistical Tables This report is based on data from BJS's Federal Justice Statistics Program, which began in 1979. It provides national statistics on the federal response to crime for fiscal year 2016.
  Full report (PDF 1.8M) | Data tables (Zip format 56K)
Part of the Federal Justice Statistics Series

Federal Deaths in Custody and During Arrest, 2016-2017 - Statistical Tables This report is the first in a series that examines deaths that occur during federal arrest, detention, and incarceration in the United States.
  Full report (PDF 648K) | Data tables (Zip format 15K)

Tribal Crime Data-Collection Activities, 2020 Describes activities by the Bureau of Justice Statistics to collect and improve data on crime and justice in Indian country, including data-collection programs and activities during 2020.
  Full report (PDF 550K) | Data tables (Zip format)
Part of the Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities Series

Federal Law Enforcement Officers, 2016 - Statistical Tables Provides information on the approximately 132,000 full-time federal law enforcement officers employed by 83 federal agencies.
  Full report (PDF 482K) | Data tables (Zip format 13K)
Part of the Federal Law Enforcement Officers Series

Immigration, Citizenship, and the Federal Justice System, 1998-2018 This is the first BJS report that comprehensively describes the citizenship of suspects arrested and prosecuted for federal offenses.
  Press release (Press Release 200K) | Summary (PDF 489K) | Full report (PDF 565K) | Data tables (Zip format 98K)

Tribal Crime Data-Collection Activities, 2019 Describes activities by the Bureau of Justice Statistics to collect and improve data on crime and justice in Indian country, including data-collection programs and activities during 2018 and 2019.
  Full report (PDF 403K) | Data tables (Zip format 12K)
Part of the Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities Series

Federal Justice Statistics, 2015-2016 Describes the annual activity, workloads, and outcomes of the federal criminal justice system from arrest to imprisonment.
  Summary (PDF 195K) | Full report (PDF 1.21M) | Data tables (Zip format 21K)
Part of the Federal Justice Statistics Series

Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities, 2016-18 Describes activities by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) to collect and improve data on crime and justice in Indian country, as required by the Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010 (TLOA).
  Full report (PDF 377K)
Part of the Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities Series

Terms & Definitions

Drug possession Includes possession of an illegal drug, but excludes possession with intent to sell.
 
Drug trafficking Includes manufacturing, distributing, selling, smuggling, and possession with intent to sell.
 
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