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Home | Crime Type | Human Trafficking/Trafficking in Persons
Human Trafficking/Trafficking in Persons
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According to the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) and its 2003, 2005, and 2008 reauthorizations, human trafficking has occurred if a person was induced to perform labor or a commercial sex act through force, fraud, or coercion. Any person under age 18 who performs a commercial sex act is considered a victim of human trafficking, regardless of whether force, fraud, or coercion was present.

The Department of Justice (DOJ) funded the creation of the Human Trafficking Reporting System (HTRS). This system provides data on human trafficking incidents investigated by federally funded task forces.

An incident is defined as any investigation into a claim of human trafficking or any investigation of other crimes in which elements of potential human trafficking were identified.

Data Collections & Surveys

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Human Trafficking Data-Collection Activities, 2020 This report describes BJS's activities during 2019 and 2020 to collect data and report on human trafficking as required by the Combat Human Trafficking Act of 2015 (34 U.S.C. ยง 20709(e)(2)(B)).
  Full report (PDF 340K) | Data tables (Zip format 2K)

Human-Trafficking Offenses Handled by State Attorneys General Offices, 2018 This report details the information reported by state attorneys general offices in 43 states, the District of Columbia, and 3 territories on their human trafficking laws in 2018.
  Summary (PDF 573K) | Full report (PDF 1M) | Data tables (Zip format 15K)
Part of the Survey of State Attorneys General Offices Series

Federal Prosecution of Human-Trafficking Cases, 2015 Presents national data on human-trafficking cases in the federal criminal justice system. Human-trafficking offenses include peonage, slavery, forced labor, or sex trafficking; production of child pornography; and transportation for illegal sex activity.
  Press Release (202K) | Summary (PDF 217K) | Full report (PDF 1M) | Data tables (Zip format 17K)
Part of the Characteristics of Suspected Human-Trafficking Incidents Series

Federal Prosecution of Human-Trafficking Cases, 2015 - Press release FEDERAL HUMAN-TRAFFICKING PROSECUTIONS INCREASED MORE THAN 40 PERCENT FROM 2011 TO 2015
  Press Release (202K)
Part of the Characteristics of Suspected Human-Trafficking Incidents Series

Federal Prosecution of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children Cases, 2004-2013 Examines commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) cases prosecuted in the federal criminal justice system between 2004 and 2013.
  Press Release | Summary (PDF 192K) | Full report (PDF 528K) | ASCII file (31K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 13K)
Part of the Characteristics of Suspected Human-Trafficking Incidents Series

Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2008-2010 - Press release MOST SUSPECTED INCIDENTS OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING INVOLVED ALLEGATIONS OF PROSTITUTION OF AN ADULT OR CHILD
  Press Release
Part of the Characteristics of Suspected Human-Trafficking Incidents Series

Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2008-2010 Describes the characteristics of human trafficking investigations, suspects, and victims in cases opened by federally funded task forces between January 2008 and June 2010.
  Press Release | Full report (PDF 825K) | ASCII file (33K) | Zip format (23K)
Part of the Characteristics of Suspected Human-Trafficking Incidents Series

Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2007-08 - Press release "More than 1,200 alleged incidents of human trafficking reported in the U.S."
  Press Release | More information about this release

Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2007-08 Presents preliminary findings from the Human Trafficking Reporting System (HTRS) on alleged incidents of human trafficking reported by 38 federally funded task forces.
  Press Release | Full report (PDF 189K) | ASCII file (34K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 14K)
Part of the Characteristics of Suspected Human-Trafficking Incidents Series

Federal Prosecution of Child Sex Exploitation Offenders, 2006 Presents Federal criminal case processing statistics on child sex offenses, including sex transportation, sexual abuse, and child pornography.
  Full report (PDF 739K) | ASCII file (20K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 13K)
Part of the Characteristics of Suspected Human-Trafficking Incidents Series

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