BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
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Home | Corrections | State and federal prisoners and prison facilities | State and federal prison facility characteristics
State and federal prison facility characteristics
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Data on state and federal prison facility characteristics are gathered primarily through the Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities (CSFACF), a national census of adult correctional facilities operating under state or federal authority. Data on state prison capacity and the number of prisoners housed in private facilities and local jails are collected annually in the National Prisoner Statistics (NPS) Program data collection. The Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Facilities also collects data on facility environment and characteristics.

Data Collections & Surveys

Publications & Products


Correctional Populations in the United States, 2016 Presents statistics on persons supervised by U.S. adult correctional systems at year-end 2016, including persons supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in state or federal prison or local jail.
  Press Release | PDF (635K) | Data tables (Spreadsheet 14K)
Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

Prisoners in 2016 Presents final counts of prisoners under the jurisdiction of state and federal correctional authorities at yearend 2016, including admissions, releases, noncitizen inmates, and inmates age 17 or younger.
  Press Release | Summary (PDF 205K) | Full report (PDF 1M) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 40K)
Part of the Prisoners Series

Federal Justice Statistics, 2013-2014 Describes the annual activity, workloads, and outcomes of the federal criminal justice system from arrest to imprisonment, using data from U.S. Marshals Service (USMS), Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys (EOUSA), Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts (AOUSC), and the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP).
  Summary (PDF 250K) | PDF (3.93M) | ASCII file (85K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 57K)
Part of the Federal Justice Statistics Series

Federal Justice Statistics, 2013 - Statistical Tables Describes the annual activity, workloads, and outcomes associated with the federal criminal justice system from arrest to imprisonment, using data from the U.S. Marshals Service (USMS), Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys (EOUSA), Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts (AOUSC), and Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP).
  PDF (3.2M) | ASCII file (87K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 55K)
Part of the Federal Justice Statistics Series

Prisoners in 2015 Presents final counts of prisoners under the jurisdiction of state and federal correctional authorities at yearend 2015.
  Press Release | Summary (PDF 193K) | PDF (1.1M) | ASCII file (85K) | Comma-delimited format (Zip format 41K)
Part of the Prisoners Series

Mortality in State Prisons, 2001-2014 - Statistical Tables Describes national- and state-level data on inmate deaths that occurred in state prisons from 2001 to 2014 and presents aggregate counts of inmate deaths in federal prisons.
  Press Release | Summary (PDF 241K) | PDF (551K) | ASCII file (27K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 36K)
Part of the Mortality in Local Jails and State Prisons Series

Correctional Populations in the United States, 2014 Presents statistics on persons supervised by adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2014, including offenders supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in state or federal prison or local jail.
  PDF (641K) | ASCII file (26K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 48K)
Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

Disabilities Among Prison and Jail Inmates, 2011-12 Presents the prevalence of disabilities among prison and jail inmates, detailing the prevalence of six specific disability types: hearing, vision, cognitive, ambulatory, self-care, and independent living.
  Press Release | Summary (PDF 242K) | PDF (651K) | ASCII file (95K) | Zip format (15K)

Disabilities Among Prison and Jail Inmates, 2011-12 ABOUT A THIRD OF PRISON AND JAIL INMATES REPORTED A DISABILITY IN 2011-12
  Press Release

Prisoners in 2014 Presents final counts of prisoners under the jurisdiction of state and federal correctional authorities on December 31, 2014, collected by the National Prisoner Statistics (NPS) program.
  Press Release | Summary (PDF 235KB) | PDF (1.3M) | ASCII file (76KB) | CSV (Comma Separated Values) (Zip format 40KB)
Part of the Prisoners Series

Terms & Definitions

Custody To have custody of a prisoner, a state or the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) must physically hold that person in one of its facilities. A locality, state, or the BOP may hold inmates over whom a different government maintains jurisdiction.
 
Custody count The number of offenders in custody. To have custody of a prisoner, a state or the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) must physically hold that person in one of its facilities. A locality, state, or the BOP may have custody of a prisoner over whom a different government maintains jurisdiction.
 
Design capacity The number of inmates that planners or architects intended for the facility.
 
Federal prisons Prison facilities run by the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). Prisoners housed in these facilities are under the legal authority of the federal government. This excludes private facilities under exclusive contract with BOP.
 
Imprisoned population The population of inmates confined in prison or other facilities under the jurisdiction of the state or Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP).