BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

clear image
Home  |  About Us  |  Contact Us  |  Help  |  A-Z Topic List
 
 
Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
clear image
Home | Corrections | Local jail inmates and jail facilities | Local jail facility characteristics
Local jail facility characteristics
On This Page
About this Topic

Complete enumerations of jail facilities, as well as data on private jails, staffing, and inmate programs, are collected in the Census of Jails, which is conducted periodically. Basic capacity information is collected in the Annual Survey of Jails, and some jail facility characteristics are also gathered periodically within the Survey of Inmates in Local Jails (SILJ). See Jail Data Collection and Surveys for more information.

Data Collections & Surveys

Publications & Products


Jail Inmates in 2016 Presents data on inmates confined in local jails between 2000 and 2016, including population counts and incarceration rates, inmate demographic characteristics and conviction status, average daily population, rated capacity of local jails and percent of capacity occupied, and turnover rates by jurisdiction size.
  Press Release | Summary (PDF 198K) | Full report (PDF 662K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 21K)
Part of the Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear Series

Jails in Indian Country, 2016 Describes jails, confinement facilities, detention centers, and other correctional facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  Summary (PDF 174K) | Full Report (PDF 467K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 30K)
Part of the Jails in Indian Country Series

American Indian and Alaska Natives in Local Jails, 1999-2014 Describes the population of American Indian and Alaska Natives (AIAN) held in local jails, including national and state level estimates, characteristics of adult AIAN inmates, and comparisons to all other races and Hispanic origin.
  Summary (PDF 211K) | PDF (703K) | ASCII file (40K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 18K)
Part of the American Indians and Crime Series

Correctional Populations in the United States, 2012 TOTAL U.S. CORRECTIONAL POPULATION DECLINED IN 2012 FOR FOURTH YEAR
  Press Release
Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

Correctional Populations in the United States, 2012 Summarizes data from various correctional collections to provide statistics on the number of offenders supervised by the adult correctional systems in the United States. Adult correctional systems include offenders supervised in the community under the authority of probation or parole agencies and inmates held in state and federal prisons or local jails.
  Press Release | PDF (766K) | ASCII file (23K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 15K)
Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

Jails in Indian Country, 2012 INDIAN COUNTRY JAIL INMATE POPULATION INCREASED ABOUT SIX PERCENT FOR SECOND INDIAN COUNTRY JAIL INMATE POPULATION INCREASED ABOUT SIX PERCENT FOR SECOND CONSECUTIVE YEAR
  Press Release
Part of the Jails in Indian Country Series

Jail Inmates at Midyear 2012 - Statistical Tables Presents the number of jails and jail inmates at midyear 2012. This report describes annual change in jail populations and patterns of change from 2000 through 2012.
  Press Release | PDF (1.25M) | ASCII file (28K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 17K)
Part of the Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear Series

Jail Inmates at Midyear 2012 - Statistical Tables JAIL POPULATION INCREASES AFTER THREE YEARS OF DECLINE
 
Part of the Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear Series

Correctional Populations in the United States, 2011 ONE IN 34 U.S. ADULTS UNDER CORRECTIONAL SUPERVISION IN 2011, LOWEST RATE SINCE 2000
  Press Release
Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

Jail Inmates at Midyear 2011 - Statistical Tables WASHINGTON -- The U.S. jail inmate population declined for a third consecutive year, the Justice Department's Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) announced today. From June 2010 to June 2011, the jail inmate population declined 1.8 percent, dropping to 735,601 from 748,728.
  Press Release
Part of the Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear Series

Terms & Definitions

Custody To have custody of a prisoner, a state or the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) must physically hold that person in one of its facilities. A locality, state, or the BOP may hold inmates over whom a different government maintains jurisdiction.
 
Jail inmates Offenders confined in short-term facilities that are usually administered by a local law enforcement agency and that are intended for adults but sometimes hold juveniles before or after adjudication. Jail inmates usually have a sentence of less than 1 year or are being held pending a trial, awaiting sentencing, or awaiting transfer to other facilities after a conviction.
 
Operational capacity The number of inmates that can be accommodated based on a facility's staff, existing programs, and services.
 
Rated capacity The number of beds or inmates assigned by a rating official to institutions within the jurisdiction.
 
Related Links