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Publication Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 2000

Allen J. Beck, Ph.D., Jennifer C. Karberg, Bureau of Justice Statistics

March 25, 2001    NCJ 185989

Presents data on prison and jail inmates collected from National Prisoner Statistics counts and the Annual Survey of Jails in 2000. This report provides data on the number of inmates, the total incarceration rate per 100,000 residents in each State, and the trends since 1990. It offers percentage changes in the size of State and Federal prison populations since the end of 1999 and midyear 1999. The report includes total numbers for prison and jail inmates by gender, race, and Hispanic origin as well as counts of jail inmates by juvenile status, conviction status, and confinement status. The midyear report also presents findings on rated capacity of local jails, percent of capacity occupied, and capacity added.


From yearend 1990 to midyear 2000 --

  • The rate of incarceration increased from 1 in every 218 U.S. residents to 1 in every 142.
  • State, Federal, and local governments had to accommodate an additional 82,438 inmates per year (or the equivalent of 1,585 new inmates per week).

In the year ending June 30, 2000 --

  • The number of inmates held in jail rose by 15,206, in State prison by 27,953, and in Federal prison by 13,501.

Part of the Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear Series

Press Release (12K)
Full report (PDF 120K)
ASCII file (33K)
Spreadsheet (Zip format 35K)
Codebooks and Datasets

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