Lawrence A. Greenfeld, Patrick A. Langan, Ph.D., Steven K. Smith, Ph.D., Bureau of Justice Statistics, Robert J. Kaminski, National Institute of Justice
November 22, 1997 NCJ 165040
Reports on two data collection efforts:
- A pilot test of the Police-Public Contact Survey (administered as a supplement to the BJS National Crime Victimization Survey), which gives the results of more than 6,000 interviews with U.S. residents age 12 or older representative of the U.S. population as a whole. The survey reports that about 21% of residents age 12 or older (about 44.6 million) had at least one face-to-face encounter with a police officer in 1996. Of these, an estimated half million were threatened with use of force or had force used against them by police.
- Development of a database of files from law enforcement agencies on police use of force, being established by the International Association of Chiefs of Police under a grant from BJS and NIJ jointly.
More recent data on this subject are available from Contacts between Police and the Public: Findings from the 1999 National Survey.
Part of the Contacts between Police and the Public Series
Press Release (4K)
Full report (PDF 376K)
ASCII file (123K)
Codebooks and Datasets
Help for using BJS products
About the Source Data
National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)
Police-Public Contact Survey (PPCS)
To cite this product, use the following link:
View All Publications and Products