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Publication Probation and Parole in the United States, 2017-2018

Danielle Kaeble, BJS Statistician, Mariel Alper, Ph.D., former BJS Statistician

August 4, 2020    NCJ 252072

This report is the 27th in a series that began in 1980. It provides national data on the adult population on probation or parole in 2017 and 2018. It describes trends in the overall community-supervision population and annual changes in probation and parole populations.

Highlights:

  • In the United States, the adult population on probation or parole declined from 4,508,900 at the end of 2017 to 4,399,000 at the end of 2018, a decrease of 2.4%.
  • The total community-supervision population in 2018 was at its lowest level since 1998.
  • The portion of adults on community supervision fell 1.5% from 2016 to 2017, 3% from 2017 to 2018, and 22% from 2008 to 2018.
  • In 2018, the portion of adults on community supervision was at its lowest level since 1990.
  • An estimated 1 in 58 adults in the U.S. were under community supervision at the end of 2018, down from 1 in 45 in 2008.

Part of the Probation and Parole Populations Series

Summary (PDF 523K)
Full report (PDF 1.01M)
Data tables (Zip format 45K)

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About the Source Data
Annual Probation Survey and Annual Parole Survey

To cite this product, use the following link:
https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=6986

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