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Publication American Indian and Alaska Natives in Local Jails, 1999-2014

Todd D. Minton, BJS Statistician, Susan Brumbaugh, Harley Rohloff, RTI International

September 7, 2017    NCJ 250652

Describes the American Indian and Alaska Natives (AIAN) population held in local jails, including national and state level estimates, characteristics of adult AIAN inmates, and comparisons to all other races and Hispanic origin. The report also presents data on AIAN inmates confined in Indian country jails and state and federal prisons. Findings are based on data from BJSs Annual Survey of Jails (2000-14), Census of Jails (1999, 2005, and 2013), National Inmate Survey (2011-12), Survey of Jails in Indian Country (1999 and 2014), and the National Prisoner Statistics program (1999, 2005, and 2014).

Highlights:

  • At midyear 2014, an estimated 10,400 American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) inmates were heldĀ in local jails, nearly double the number held in 1999 (5,500).
  • From 1999 to 2014, the number of AIAN jail inmates increased by an average of 4.3% per year, compared to an increase of 1.4% per year for all other races combined.
  • Between 1999 and 2013, the AIAN jail incarceration rate increased from 288 to 398 AIAN inmates per 100,000 AIAN U.S. residents.
  • An estimated 71% of adult AIAN jail inmates were age 39 or younger.
  • Nearly a quarter (24%) of AIAN jail inmates were held for a violent offense.

Part of the American Indians and Crime Series

Summary (PDF 211K)
PDF (703K)
ASCII file (40K)
Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 18K)

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About the Source Data
Annual Survey of Jails
Census of Jail Inmates
Census of Jails
National Inmate Survey (NIS)
National Prisoner Statistics (NPS) Program
Survey of Jails in Indian Country

To cite this product, use the following link:
http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=6066

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