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Publication Probation and Parole in the United States, 2014

Danielle Kaeble, Laura M. Maruschak, Thomas P. Bonczar, Bureau of Justice Statistics

November 19, 2015    NCJ 249057

Presents data on adult offenders under community supervision while on probation or parole in 2014. The report presents trends over time for the overall community supervision population and describes changes in the probation and parole populations. It provides statistics on the number of offenders entering and exiting probation and parole and the mean time served as well as national-level data on the distribution of offenders on probation or parole by sex, race or Hispanic origin, most serious offense type, and status of supervision. It also presents outcomes of supervision, including the rate at which offenders completed their term of supervision or were returned to incarceration. Appendix tables include jurisdiction-level information on the population counts and number of entries and exits for probation and parole; jurisdiction-level information on the types of entries and exits for parole. 


  • At yearend 2014, an estimated 4,708,100 adults were under community supervisiondown by about 45,300 offenders from yearend 2013.
  • Approximately 1 in 52 adults in the United States was under community supervision at yearend 2014.

Probation findings

  • Between yearend 2013 and 2014, the adult probation population declined by about 46,500 offenders (down 1.2%), falling to an estimated 3,864,100 offenders at yearend 2014.
  • Entries onto probation decreased about 1.3% during 2014, and exits declined about 1.0% to an estimated 2,130,700. „„

Parole findings

  • The adult parole population increased by about 1,600 offenders (up 0.2%) between yearend 2013 and 2014, to an estimated 856,900 offenders at yearend 2014.
  • Both entries to and exits from parole decreased about 1.5% in 2014.
  • The reincarceration rate among parolees at risk of violating their conditions of supervision remained stable at about 9% in 2013 and 2014.

Part of the Probation and Parole Populations Series

Press Release
Summary (PDF 246K)
Full report (PDF 657K)
ASCII file (48K)
Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 29K)

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Annual Probation Survey and Annual Parole Survey

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