Allen J. Beck, Ph.D., Bureau of Justice Statistics
June 25, 2015 NCJ 248824
Describes the Bureau of Justice Statistics' (BJS) activities to collect data and report on the incidence and effects of sexual victimization in correctional facilities, as required by the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA) (P.L. 108-79). The report summarizes BJS's efforts during 2014 and the first 5 months of 2015, which included analyzing administrative records of sexual victimization in adult correctional facilities based on the Survey of Sexual Violence (SSV), implementing changes to the SSV and completing data collection, and, for the first time, providing estimates of the rates of sexual victimization among transgender inmates. In addition, BJS and its data collection agents, RTI International and Westat, conducted further analyses of previous inmate self-report surveys to provide a more comprehensive understanding of facility- and individual-level indicators of sexual victimization. This report meets the PREA requirement to report on BJS's activities for the preceding calendar year by June 30 of each year.
- Administrators of adult correctional facilities reported 8,763 allegations of sexual victimization in 2011, a statistically significant increase over the 8,404 allegations reported in 2010 and 7,855 in 2009. See Sexual Victimization Reported by Adult Correctional Authorities, 2009–11.
- The number of allegations has risen since 2005, largely due to increases in prisons, where allegations increased from 4,791 allegations to 6,660 in 2011 (up 39%). See Survey of Sexual Violence in Adult Correctional Facilities, 2009–11 - Statistical Tables.
- About 52% of substantiated incidents of sexual victimization in 2011 involved only inmates, while 48% of substantiated incidents involved staff with inmates.
- Among the estimated 1,390 youth who reported victimization by staff, 89.1% were males reporting sexual activity with female staff, and 3.0% were males reporting sexual activity with both male and female staff. In comparison, males comprised 91% of adjudicated youth in the survey, and female staff accounted for 44% of staff in the sampled facilities. See Sexual Victimization in Juvenile Facilities Reported by Youth, 2012.
- In 2011–12, an estimated 4.0% of state and federal prison inmates and 3.2% of jail inmates reported experiencing one or more incidents of sexual victimization by another inmate or facility staff in the past 12 months or since admission to the facility, if less than 12 months. See Sexual Victimization in Prisons and Jails Reported by Inmates, 2011–12 - Update.
Part of the PREA Data Collection Activities Series
Full report (PDF 348K)
ASCII file (17K)
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About the Source Data
National Inmate Survey (NIS)
National Survey of Youth in Custody (NSYC)
Survey of Sexual Victimization (SSV) (Formerly Survey of Sexual Violence)
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