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Publication Jails in Indian Country, 2012

Todd D. Minton, Bureau of Justice Statistics

June 27, 2013    NCJ 242187

Presents findings from the 2012 Survey of Jails in Indian Country, an enumeration of 79 jails, confinement facilities, detention centers, and other correctional facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs. This report examines the trends from 2000 to 2012 in the number of adults and juveniles held, type of offense, number of persons confined on the last weekday in June, peak population, average daily population, admissions in June, and average expected length of stay in jail at admission. It also provides data on rated capacity, facility crowding, and jail staffing in June 2012, and counts of inmate deaths and suicide attempts.


  • At midyear 2012, a total of 2,364 inmates were confined in Indian country jailsa 5.6% increase from the 2,239 inmates confined at midyear 2011.
  • The number of inmates admitted into Indian country jails during June 2012 (12,502) was more than five times the size of the average daily population (2,253).
  • Fourteen jails held 51% of the total inmate population in Indian country at midyear 2012.
  • For the 79 facilities operating in June 2012, the average expected length of stay at admission for inmates was five days.
  • Nearly a third of inmates in Indian country jails were confined for a violent offense at midyear 2012. Domestic violence (15%) and aggravated or simple assault (9%) accounted for the largest percentage of violent offenders.

Part of the Jails in Indian Country Series

Press Release
Full report (PDF 1M)
ASCII file (22K)
Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format)

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Survey of Jails in Indian Country (SJIC)

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