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Publication Report to the Nation on Crime and Justice, Second Edition

March 1, 1988    NCJ 105506

An overview of the criminal event examines how crimes are defined, the sources of crime statistics, the types of crime statistics and their significance, when and where crimes occur, what weapons are used in various types of crime, and 1980-1984 crime trends. Crimes examined include homicide, robbery, burglary, larceny, rape, and assault. Special sections consider drunk driving, organized crime, white-collar crime, and high technology crimes. Perceived crime seriousness also is discussed. An examination of criminal victimization provides victim profiles and discusses the effects of crime on victims. Victim-offender relationships, crime reporting, fear of crime, and victim compensation also are considered. Offender data elucidate relationships between crime and such characteristics as age, race, sex, family and economic background, education, and drug and alcohol use. Next, the criminal justice response to crime at the Federal, State, and local level is analyzed, including its processes, institutions, philosophical, bases, and legal mandates. Focus is on the key stages if entry into the system, prosecution and pretrial services, adjudication, sentencing and sanctions, and corrections. Finally, the cost of crime and of the components of the criminal justice system is discussed. Chapter references and index.

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