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Publication Probation and Parole in the United States, 2005

Lauren E. Glaze, Thomas P. Bonczar, Bureau of Justice Statistics

November 30, 2006    NCJ 215091

Reports the number of persons on probation and parole, by State, at yearend 2005 and compares the totals with yearend 1995 and 2000. It lists the States with the largest and smallest parole and probation populations and the largest and smallest rates of community supervision, and identifies the States with the largest increases. The Bulletin also describes the race and gender of these populations and reports the percentages of parolees and probationers completing community supervision successfully, or failing because of a rule violation or a new offense.


  • The adult probation population grew 0.5% in 2005. This was an increase of 19,070 probationers, or the smallest increase in the last 26 years.
  • About 50% of all probationers had been convicted of a felony, 49% of a misdemeanor, and 1% of other infractions. Twenty-eight percent were on probation for a drug law violation, and 15% for driving while intoxicated.
  • In 2005 the Nation's parole population grew 1.6%. This was an increase of 12,556 parolees during the year.

Part of the Probation and Parole Populations Series

Press Release
Full report (PDF 436K)
ASCII file (22K)
Spreadsheet (Zip format 22K)
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Annual Probation Survey and Annual Parole Survey

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