BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
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Home  | Data Collection Detail

Data Collection: Census of Jail Inmates
Status: Active
Frequency: 2005
Latest data available: 2005

The 2005 Census of Jail Inmates is part of a series of data collection efforts aimed at studying the nation's locally-administered jails. To reduce respondent burden and improve data quality and timeliness, the Census was split into two data collections: the Census of Jail Inmates and the Census of Jail Facilities. The Census of Jail Inmates (CJI) collects data on jail jurisdictions' supervised populations, inmate counts and movements, and persons supervised in the community.

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Data Experts

  • Zhen Zeng, Ph.D., BJS Statistician (Email this expert)
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    Collection Period

    2005

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    Methodology

    The Census included all locally administered confinement facilities under the authority of 2,853 jurisdictions. It also included 42 private and 65 multi-jurisdiction jails. Excluded were temporary holding facilities and state-operated facilities in CN, DE, HI, RI, and VT which operate combined jail-prison systems. Fourteen locally-operated jails in Alaska were included.

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    Changes Over Time

    The questionnaire is modified with each iteration to capture information on evolving issues in criminal justice and topics of greatest interest to users.

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    Publications & Products

    The following publications and products were generated by BJS using data from this collection.

    Jail Inmates in 2017 Presents data on inmates confined in local jails from 2005 to 2017, including population counts and incarceration rates, inmate demographic characteristics and conviction status, admissions, jail capacity, and inmate turnover rates.
      Press Release (213K) | Summary (PDF 203K) | Full report (PDF 705K) | Data tables (Zip format 24K)
    Part of the Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear Series

    American Indian and Alaska Natives in Local Jails, 1999-2014 Describes the population of American Indian and Alaska Natives (AIAN) held in local jails, including national and state level estimates, characteristics of adult AIAN inmates, and comparisons to all other races and Hispanic origin.
      Summary (PDF 211K) | PDF (703K) | ASCII file (40K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 18K)
    Part of the American Indians and Crime Series

    Correctional Populations in the United States, 1997 Presents data on the growing number of persons in the United States under some form of correctional supervision in 1997.
      Full Report (PDF 1.3M) | Full Report - Text only (ASCII file 36K) | Section 1. Trends in U.S. correctional populations (PDF 141K) | Section 1. Trends in U.S. correctional populations - Zip format (Spreadsheet 77K) | Section 2. Jail inmates in 1997 (PDF 122K) | Section 2. Jail inmates in 1997 - Zip format (Spreadsheet 22K) | Section 3. Probation in 1997 (PDF 200K) | Section 3. Probation in 1997 - Zip format (Spreadsheet 64K) | Section 4. Survey of State and Federal inmates, 1997 (PDF 160K) | Section 4. Survey of State and Federal inmates, 1997 - Zip format (Spreadsheet 78K) | Section 5. Prisoners in 1997 (PDF 507K) | Section 5. Prisoners in 1997 - Zip format (Spreadsheet 176K) | Section 6. Parole in 1997 (PDF 193K) | Section 6. Parole in 1997 - Zip format (Spreadsheet 49K) | Section 7. Capital Punishment in 1997 (PDF 373K) | Section 7. Capital Punishment in 1997 - Zip format (Spreadsheet 83K) | Section 8. U.S. military corrections in 1997 (PDF 134K) | Section 8. U.S. military corrections in 1997 - Zip format (Spreadsheet 27K) | Codebooks and Datasets
    Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

    Correctional Populations in the United States, 1988 Data on U.S. correctional populations for 1989 cover jail inmates, prison inmates, probationers, parolees, and inmates under a death sentence.
      PDF (6.4M)
    Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

    Correctional Populations in the United States, 1987 A growing proportion of all persons in the United States are under some form of correctional supervision whether it be probation, jail, prison, or parole.
      PDF
    Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

    Drunk Driving This report examines trends in arrests for driving under the influence (DUI) and provides a detailed picture of drunk drivers held in local jails in 1983 for driving while intoxicated (DWI).
      PDF


    Correctional Populations in the United States, 1985 This statistical report on correctional populations in the United States for 1985 is a consolidation of data collected in various statistical programs currently maintained by the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
      PDF
    Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

    Census of Jails, 1978, Volume 1 - Data for Individual Jails in the Northeast Volume I of this report presents data from the 1978 Census of Jails and its companion Survey of Jail Inmates for the 207 jails in the northeast region; it is part of a series of reports on 3,493 county and city jails covered by the 1978 census.
      PDF
    Part of the Census of Jails Series

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    Related Topics

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