Civil Justice Survey of State Courts, Trials on Appeal (CJSSCTA) provided detailed statistical information on civil cases adjudicated at the appellate level in state courts. CJSSCTA collected information from court records on individual civil trials that were appealed to a state intermediate appellate court and/or court of last resort. The types of information collected included the types of civil cases appealed after trial to an intermediate appellate court or court of last resort, the impact of the appellate process on trial court outcomes, the extent that appellate claims are dismissed or withdrawn before being decided on the merits, the types of legal issues raised on appeal, the number of appeals ending in a published opinion, and the rate of judicial dissent at the appellate level. The CJSSCTA examined the flow of civil appeals from intermediate appellate courts to courts of last resort. Information was collected on the number of cases that go through both levels of appellate review and the effect of courts of last resort on litigation outcomes. The survey collected aggregate count information on the number of appeals referred to and settled through a court annexed alternative dispute resolution (ADR) program. See Civil Justice Survey Of State Courts (CJSSC).
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The 2001 Civil Justice Survey of State Courts found 8,311 general civil cases (e.g., tort, contract, and real property) concluded by bench or jury trial in a sample of 46 of the 75 most populous counties. These cases were weighted to represent the 11,908 general civil trials concluded in the 75 largest counties in 2001.
The 2001 Supplemental Survey of Civil Appeals then collected information in 43 of the 46 counties for all trials that produced an appeal. The appeals were tracked until April 30, 2005. Appeals not disposed on that date were identified as pending.
Plaintiffs and defendants appealed 1,204 (about 15%) of the 8,311, contract, or real property cases decided by bench or jury trial.
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Form to count Alternate Dispute Resolution cases added.
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|Appeals from General Civil Trials in 46 Large Counties, 2001-2005 Presents information on general civil cases concluded by bench or jury trial in 2001 that were subsequently appealed to a State's intermediate appellate court or court of last resort.|
Bureau of Justice Statistics