BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
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Home  | Data Collection Detail

Data Collection: National Inmate Survey (NIS)
Status: Active
Frequency: As funding permits
Latest data available: 2007, 2008-09, and 2011-12

The National Inmate Survey (NIS) is part of BJS's National Prison Rape Statistics Program, which gathers mandated data on the incidence and prevalence of sexual assault in correctional facilities under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108- 79). PREA requires a 10% sample of correctional facilities to be listed by incidence of sexual assault, with a minimum of one prison and one jail facility in each state. Data are collected directly from inmates in a private setting using audio computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI) technology with a touchscreen laptop and an audio feed to maximize inmate confidentiality and minimize literacy issues. See the methodology section in reports for sampling and weighting information.

On This Page

Data Experts

  • Amy Lauger, BJS Statistician (Email this expert)
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    Collection Period

    Annually as funding permits.

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    Questionnaires

    NIS ACASI instruments
    2012 PDF (336K) | 2009 PDF (221K) | 2007 PDF (727K)
    NIS Paper and Pencil Instruments -- Females
    2012 PDF (Spanish) (270K) | 2012 PDF (476K) | 2009 PDF (Spanish) (342K) | 2009 PDF (476K) | 2007 PDF (107K) | 2007 PDF (Spanish) (114K)
    NIS Paper and Pencil Instruments -- Males
    2012 PDF (Spanish) (264K) | 2012 PDF (250K) | 2009 PDF (Spanish) (273K) | 2009 PDF (251K) | 2007 PDF (107K) | 2007 PDF (Spanish) (115K)
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    Methodology

    The Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108-79) requires a 10% sample of correctional facilities to be listed by incidence of sexual assault, with a minimum of one prison and one jail facility in each state. See the methodology section in reports for sampling and weighting information, which varies by collection year. Inmates are randomly assigned to receive either a survey of sexual victimization or a survey of mental and physical health, past drug and alcohol use, and treatment for substance abuse (questions from which are also used to pad out time for respondents completing the victimization survey quickly).

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    Publications & Products

    The following publications and products were generated by BJS using data from this collection.

    PREA Data-Collection Activities, 2019 Describes activities during 2018 and 2019 by the Bureau of Justice Statistics to collect data and report on the incidence and effects of prison rape, as required by the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003.
      Full report (PDF 325K)
    Part of the PREA Data Collection Activities Series

    PREA Data Collection Activities, 2018 Describes activities during 2017 and 2018 by the Bureau of Justice Statistics to collect data and report on the incidence and effects of sexual victimization in correctional facilities, as required by the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA) (P.L. 108-79). This report meets the PREA requirement to report on BJS's activities for the preceding calendar year by June 30 of each year.
      PDF (316K)
    Part of the PREA Data Collection Activities Series

    PREA Data Collection Activities, 2017 Describes the Bureau of Justice Statistics' (BJS) activities to collect data and report on the incidence and effects of sexual victimization in correctional facilities, as required by the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA) (P.L. 108-79).
      PDF (316K) | ASCII file (20K)
    Part of the PREA Data Collection Activities Series

    Drug Use, Dependence, and Abuse Among State Prisoners and Jail Inmates, 2007-2009 Presents prevalence estimates of drug use, drug use disorders, and participation in drug treatment programs among state prisoners and sentenced jail inmates, including trends in drug use over time by demographics and most serious offense, drug use at the time of offense and whether an inmate committed the offense to obtain drugs, and comparisons to the general population.
      Press Release | Summary (PDF 221K) | PDF (670K) | ASCII file (64K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 43K)


    Indicators of Mental Health Problems Reported by Prisoners and Jail Inmates, 2011-2012 Presents prevalence estimates of mental health indicators among state and federal prisoners and jail inmates by different time periods, demographics, criminal justice history, most serious offense, mental health treatment received while incarcerated, and rule violations.
      Press Release (Press Release) | Summary (PDF 190K) | PDF (626K) | ASCII file (46K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 22K)


    PREA Data Collection Activities, 2016 Describes the Bureau of Justice Statistics' (BJS) activities to collect data and report on the incidence and effects of sexual victimization in correctional facilities, as required by the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA) (P.L. 108-79).
      PDF (424K) | ASCII file (19K)
    Part of the PREA Data Collection Activities Series

    Disabilities Among Prison and Jail Inmates, 2011-12 Presents the prevalence of disabilities among prison and jail inmates, detailing the prevalence of six specific disability types: hearing, vision, cognitive, ambulatory, self-care, and independent living.
      Press Release | Summary (PDF 242K) | PDF (651K) | ASCII file (95K) | Zip format (15K)


    PREA Data Collection Activities, 2015 The Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108-79) requires the Attorney General to submit to Congress, not later than June 30 of each year, a report on the activities of BJS for the preceding calendar year.
      PDF (348K) | ASCII file (17K)
    Part of the PREA Data Collection Activities Series

    Medical Problems of State and Federal Prisoners and Jail Inmates, 2011-12 Presents the prevalence of medical problems among state and federal prisoners and jail inmates, highlighting differences in rates of chronic conditions and infectious diseases by demographic characteristic.
      Press Release | PDF (547K) | ASCII file (47K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 60K)


    PREA Data Collection Activities, 2014 The Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (P.L. 108-79) requires the Attorney General to submit to Congress, not later than June 30 of each year, a report on the activities of the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) for the preceding calendar year.
      PDF (439K) | ASCII file (17K)
    Part of the PREA Data Collection Activities Series

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    Related Topics

  • Corrections
  • Corrections | Local jail inmates and jail facilities
  • Corrections | State and federal prisoners and prison facilities
  • Corrections | Special populations
  • Corrections | Prison Rape Elimination Act (Sexual Victimization in Correctional Facilities)
  • Corrections | Local jail inmates and jail facilities | Jail inmate characteristics
  • Corrections | Local jail inmates and jail facilities | Local jail facility characteristics
  • Corrections | State and federal prisoners and prison facilities | Prison inmate characteristics
  • Corrections | State and federal prisoners and prison facilities | State and federal prison facility characteristics
  • Corrections | State and federal prisoners and prison facilities | Special topics
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