BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

clear image
Home  |  About Us  |  Contact Us  |  Help  |  A-Z Topic List
 
 
Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
clear image
Home  | Data Collection Detail
Data Collection: Survey of Jails in Indian Country (SJIC)
Status: Active
Frequency: Annually since 1998, excluding 2005 and 2006
Latest data available: 2016

Collects detailed information on confinement facilities, detention centers, jails, and other facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Information is gathered on inmate counts, movements, facility operations, and staff. In selected years (1998, 2004, 2007, and 2011), additional information was collected on facility programs and services, such as medical assessments and mental health screening procedures, inmate work assignments, counseling, and educational programs.

On This Page

Data Experts

  • Todd Minton, BJS Statistician (Email this expert)
  • Back to Top    

    Collection Period

    1998-2018

    Back to Top    

    Questionnaires

    Survey of Jails in Indian Country
    2018 PDF (399K) | 2017 PDF (964K) | 2016 PDF (1.5M) | 2015 PDF (334K) | 2014 PDF (21K) | 2013 PDF (243K) | 2012 PDF (93K) | 2011 PDF (79K) | 2010 PDF (150K) | 2009 PDF (55K) | 2008 PDF (54K) | 2007 PDF | 2004 PDF | 2003 PDF | 2002 PDF | 2001 PDF | 2000 PDF
    Survey of Jails in Indian Country, Addendum
    2011 PDF (217K) | 2007 PDF | 2004 PDF
    Back to Top    

    Methodology

    The Bureau of Justice Statistics' Annual Survey of Jails in Indian Country includes all Indian country correctional facilities operated by tribal authorities or the U.S. Department of the Interior's Bureau of Indian Affairs. The survey is designed to describe all adult and juvenile jail facilities and detention centers in Indian country. For this collection, Indian country includes reservations, pueblos, rancherias, and other appropriate areas, as specified in 18 U.S.C. ยง 1151.

    BJS updates its existing roster of jails in Indian country annually. BJS obtains data from administrators of jails in Indian country by faxed or emailed questionnaires and through follow-up phone calls. The survey universe and response rates have changed over time. Some facilities closed or merged, new facilities were constructed, and existing facilities became operational and newly eligible for the survey. See table 7 in the report Jails in Indian Country, 2017-2018, for the Indian country jail survey universe and response rates for 2004 and from 2007 to 2018. For methodologies prior to the 2004 SJIC, see the Jails in Indian Country series.

    Back to Top    

    Changes Over Time

    Since beginning in 1998, the SJIC survey instrument has expanded to gather data on inmate admissions offenses, population measurements (e.g., average daily population and offense categories), and inmate health services and facility programs. In 2013, BJS enhanced the SJIC offense category questionnaire item to include burglary, larceny-theft, and public intoxication. The enhancement allowed classification of previously unspecified offenses.

    Back to Top    

    Publications & Products

    The following publications and products were generated by BJS using data from this collection.

    Jails in Indian Country, 2017-2018 This report is the 17th in a series that began in 1998. It provides statistics from BJS's Annual Survey of Jails in Indian Country on the demographic characteristics, most serious offense, and conviction status of the tribal inmate population, and it describes facility characteristics, including bed space and staffing.
      Full report (PDF 796K) | Data tables (Zip format 34K)
    Part of the Jails in Indian Country Series

    Correctional Populations in the United States, 2017-2018 This report is the 23rd in a series that began in 1985. It provides statistics on populations supervised by adult correctional systems in the United States, including persons held in prisons or jails and those supervised in the community on probation or parole.
      Full report (PDF 701K) | Data tables (Zip format 17K)
    Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

    Tribal Crime Data-Collection Activities, 2019 Describes activities by the Bureau of Justice Statistics to collect and improve data on crime and justice in Indian country, including data-collection programs and activities during 2018 and 2019.
      Full report (PDF 403K) | Data tables (Zip format 12K)
    Part of the Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities Series

    Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities, 2016-18 Describes activities by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) to collect and improve data on crime and justice in Indian country, as required by the Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010 (TLOA).
      Full report (PDF 377K)
    Part of the Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities Series

    Correctional Populations in the United States, 2016 Presents statistics on persons supervised by U.S. adult correctional systems at year-end 2016, including persons supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in state or federal prison or local jail.
      Press Release (71K) | Full report (PDF 635K) | Data tables (Spreadsheet 14K)
    Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

    Jails in Indian Country, 2016 Describes jails, confinement facilities, detention centers, and other correctional facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
      Summary (PDF 174K) | Full Report (PDF 467K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 30K)
    Part of the Jails in Indian Country Series

    American Indian and Alaska Natives in Local Jails, 1999-2014 Describes the population of American Indian and Alaska Natives (AIAN) held in local jails, including national and state level estimates, characteristics of adult AIAN inmates, and comparisons to all other races and Hispanic origin.
      Summary (PDF 211K) | Full report (PDF 703K) | ASCII file (40K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 18K)
    Part of the American Indians and Crime Series

    Correctional Populations in the United States, 2015 Presents statistics on persons supervised by adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2015, including persons supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in state or federal prison or local jail.
      Press Release | Full report (PDF 787K) | ASCII file (43K) | Data tables (Spreadsheet 23K)
    Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

    Jails in Indian Country, 2015 Describes jails, confinement facilities, detention centers, and other correctional facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
      Summary (PDF 211K) | Full report (PDF 845K) | ASCII file (17K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 41K)
    Part of the Jails in Indian Country Series

    Correctional Populations in the United States, 2014 Presents statistics on persons supervised by adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2014, including offenders supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in state or federal prison or local jail.
      Full report (PDF 641K) | ASCII file (26K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 48K)
    Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

    Back to Top    

    Related Topics

  • Corrections
  • Corrections | Total correctional population
  • Corrections | Local jail inmates and jail facilities
  • Corrections | Special populations
  • Corrections | Local jail inmates and jail facilities | Jail inmate characteristics
  • Corrections | Special populations | Jails in Indian Country
  • Indian Country Justice Statistics
  • Back to Top