BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
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Home  | Data Collection Detail
Data Collection: Annual Probation Survey and Annual Parole Survey
Status: Active
Frequency: Annually since 1980; excluding year 1991. Probation data available from 1977 through 2018. Parole data available from 1975 through 2018.
Latest data available: 2018

Collect administrative data from probation and parole agencies in the United States. Data collected include the total number of adults on state and federal probation and parole on January 1 and December 31 of each year, the number of adults entering and exiting probation and parole supervision each year, and the characteristics of adults under the supervision of probation and parole agencies. Published data include both national- and state-level data. The surveys cover all 50 states, the federal system, and the District of Columbia. They began in 1980 and are conducted annually. Probation data are available from 1977 through BJS's National Probation Reports. Parole data are available from 1975 through BJS's Uniform Parole Reports.

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Data Experts

  • Danielle Kaeble, BJS Statistician (Email this expert)
  • Barbara A. Oudekerk, Ph.D., BJS Statistician (Email this expert)
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    Collection Period

    1980-2018

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    Questionnaires

    Annual Parole Survey
    2018 PDF (1M) | 2017 PDF (1.6M) | 2016 PDF (834K) | 2015 PDF (717K) | 2014 PDF | 2013 PDF (193K) | 2012 PDF (193K) | 2011 PDF (142K) | 2010 PDF (90K) | 2009 PDF (85K) | 2008 PDF (95K) | 2007 PDF (45K) | 2006 PDF | 2005 PDF | 2004 PDF | 2003 PDF (321K) | 2002 PDF (363K) | 2001 PDF | 2000 PDF (322K) | 1999 PDF
    Annual Probation Survey
    2018 PDF (418K) | 2017 PDF (534K) | 2016 PDF (557K) | 2015 PDF (283K) | 2014 PDF (302K) | 2013 PDF (205K) | 2012 PDF (225K) | 2011 PDF (154K) | 2010 PDF (90K) | 2009 PDF (94K) | 2008 PDF (96K) | 2007 PDF (37K) | 2006 PDF | 2005 PDF | 2004 PDF | 2003 PDF (59K) | 2002 PDF (375K) | 2001 PDF | 2000 PDF (353K) | 1999 PDF
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    Documentation

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    Methodology

    These surveys cover probation and parole agencies in all 50 states, the federal system, and the District of Columbia. The surveys are sent to central reporters in states, with exceptions for non-centralized systems. See methodologies in annual reports for details on frame and respondents.

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    Changes Over Time

    Periodically, changes are made to the questionnaires to improve measurement and to collect new information on evolving issues in community corrections and topics of greatest interest to the field of community corrections and data users.

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    Publications & Products

    The following publications and products were generated by BJS using data from this collection.

    Correctional Populations in the United States, 2017-2018 This report is the 23rd in a series that began in 1985. It provides statistics on populations supervised by adult correctional systems in the United States, including persons held in prisons or jails and those supervised in the community on probation or parole.
      Full report (PDF 701K) | Data tables (Zip format 17K)
    Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

    Probation and Parole in the United States, 2017-2018 This report is the 27th in a series that began in 1980 and provides national data on the adult population on probation or parole in 2017 and 2018.
      Summary (PDF 523K) | Full report (PDF 1.01M) | Data tables (Zip format 45K)
    Part of the Probation and Parole Populations Series

    Correctional Populations in the United States, 2016 Presents statistics on persons supervised by U.S. adult correctional systems at year-end 2016, including persons supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in state or federal prison or local jail.
      Press Release (71K) | Full report (PDF 635K) | Data tables (Spreadsheet 14K)
    Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

    Probation and Parole in the United States, 2016 Presents national data on adult offenders under community supervision on probation or parole in 2016, including trends in the overall community supervision population and annual changes in probation and parole populations.
      Press Release | Summary (PDF 209K) | Full report (PDF 584K) | Data tables (Zip format)
    Part of the Probation and Parole Populations Series

    Correctional Populations in the United States, 2015 Presents statistics on persons supervised by adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2015, including persons supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in state or federal prison or local jail.
      Press Release | Full report (PDF 787K) | ASCII file (43K) | Data tables (Spreadsheet 23K)
    Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

    Probation and Parole in the United States, 2015 Presents data on adult offenders under community supervision while on probation or parole in 2015.
      Summary (PDF 187K) | Full report (PDF 668K) | ASCII file (41K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 30K)
    Part of the Probation and Parole Populations Series

    Correctional Populations in the United States, 2014 Presents statistics on persons supervised by adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2014, including offenders supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in state or federal prison or local jail.
      Full report (PDF 641K) | ASCII file (26K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 48K)
    Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

    Probation and Parole in the United States, 2014 Presents data on adult offenders under community supervision while on probation or parole in 2014.
      Press Release | Summary (PDF 246K) | Full report (PDF 657K) | ASCII file (48K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 29K)
    Part of the Probation and Parole Populations Series

    Probation and Parole in the United States, 2014 FOR THE SEVENTH CONSECUTIVE YEAR U.S. ADULTS UNDER COMMUNITY SUPERVISION DECLINED IN 2014
      Press Release
    Part of the Probation and Parole Populations Series

    Federal Justice Statistics, 2011-12 Describes the annual activity, workloads, and outcomes associated with the federal criminal justice system from arrest to imprisonment, using data from the U.S. Marshals Service (USMS), Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys (EOUSA), Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts (AOUSC), and Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP).
      Full report (PDF 3.7M) | ASCII file (59k) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 50K)
    Part of the Federal Justice Statistics Series

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    Related Topics

  • Corrections
  • Corrections | Total correctional population
  • Corrections | Community Corrections (Probation and Parole)
  • Corrections | Community Corrections (Probation and Parole) | Probation
  • Corrections | Community Corrections (Probation and Parole) | Parole
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    Related Links

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