BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
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Home  | Data Collection Detail

Data Collection: Annual Probation Survey and Annual Parole Survey
Status: Active
Frequency: Annually since 1980; excluding year 1991. Probation data available from 1977-2015. Parole data available from 1975-2015.
Latest data available: 2015

Collect administrative data from probation and parole agencies in the United States. Data collected include the total number of adults on state and federal probation and parole on January 1 and December 31 of each year, the number of adults entering and exiting probation and parole supervision each year, and the characteristics of adults under the supervision of probation and parole agencies. Published data include both national- and state-level data. The surveys cover all 50 states, the federal system, and the District of Columbia. They began in 1980 and are conducted annually. Probation data are also available dating back to 1977. Through BJS's National Probation Reports, probation data were collected from 1977 through 2015. Parole data are available dating back to 1975. The parole data from 1975 through 2015 were collected through BJS's Uniform Parole Reports.

On This Page

Data Experts

  • Danielle Kaeble, BJS Statistician
  • Bonczar P. Thomas, BJS Statistician
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    Collection Period

    1980-2015

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    Questionnaires

    Annual Parole Survey
    2015 PDF (717K) | 2014 PDF | 2013 PDF (193K) | 2012 PDF (193K) | 2011 PDF (142K) | 2010 PDF (90K) | 2009 PDF (85K) | 2008 PDF (95K) | 2007 PDF (45K) | 2006 PDF | 2005 PDF | 2004 PDF | 2003 PDF (321K) | 2002 PDF (363K) | 2001 PDF | 2000 PDF (322K) | 1999 PDF
    Annual Probation Survey
    2015 PDF (283K) | 2014 PDF (302K) | 2013 PDF (205K) | 2012 PDF (225K) | 2011 PDF (154K) | 2010 PDF (90K) | 2009 PDF (94K) | 2008 PDF (96K) | 2007 PDF (37K) | 2006 PDF | 2005 PDF | 2004 PDF | 2003 PDF (59K) | 2002 PDF (375K) | 2001 PDF | 2000 PDF (353K) | 1999 PDF
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    Documentation

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    Methodology

    These surveys cover probation and parole agencies in all 50 states, the federal system, and the District of Columbia. The surveys are sent to central reporters in states, with some exceptions for non-centralized systems. See Methodologies in annual reports for details on frame and respondents.

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    Changes Over Time

    Periodically, changes are made to the questionnaires to improve measurement and to collect new information on evolving issues in community corrections and topics of greatest interest to the field of community corrections and data users.

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    Publications & Products

    The following publications and products were generated by BJS using data from this collection.

    Correctional Populations in the United States, 2015 Presents statistics on persons supervised by adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2015, including persons supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in state or federal prison or local jail.
      Press Release | PDF (787K) | ASCII file (43K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 23K)
    Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

    Probation and Parole in the United States, 2015 Presents data on adult offenders under community supervision while on probation or parole in 2015.
      Summary (PDF 187K) | PDF (668K) | ASCII file (41K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 30K)
    Part of the Probation and Parole Populations Series

    Correctional Populations in the United States, 2014 Presents statistics on persons supervised by adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2014, including offenders supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in state or federal prison or local jail.
      PDF (641K) | ASCII file (26K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 48K)
    Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

    Probation and Parole in the United States, 2014 Presents data on adult offenders under community supervision while on probation or parole in 2014.
      Press Release | Summary (PDF 246K) | PDF (657K) | ASCII file (48K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 29K)
    Part of the Probation and Parole Populations Series

    Probation and Parole in the United States, 2014 FOR THE SEVENTH CONSECUTIVE YEAR U.S. ADULTS UNDER COMMUNITY SUPERVISION DECLINED IN 2014
      Press Release


    Federal Justice Statistics, 2011–12 Describes the annual activity, workloads, and outcomes associated with the federal criminal justice system from arrest to imprisonment, using data from the U.S. Marshals Service (USMS), Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys (EOUSA), Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts (AOUSC), and Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP).
      PDF (3.7M) | ASCII file (59k) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 50K)
    Part of the Federal Justice Statistics Series

    Correctional Populations in the United States, 2013 Presents statistics on offenders supervised by adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2013, including offenders supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in prison or local jail.
      Press Release | PDF (385K) | ASCII file (23K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 36K)
    Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

    Correctional Populations in the United States, 2013 U.S. CORRECTIONAL POPULATION DECLINED BY LESS THAN 1 PERCENT FOR THE SECOND CONSECUTIVE YEAR
      Press Release
    Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

    Probation and Parole in the United States, 2013 Presents data on adult offenders under community supervision while on probation or parole in 2013.
      PDF (1.7M) | ASCII file (45K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 32K)
    Part of the Probation and Parole Populations Series

    Adults on parole, federal and state-by-state, 1975-2012 Presents the number of persons on probation and parole from 1975 to yearend 2012, by state.
      Download CSV file (Spreadsheet 18 KB)


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    Related Topics

  • Corrections
  • Corrections | Total correctional population
  • Corrections | Community Corrections (Probation and Parole)
  • Corrections | Community Corrections (Probation and Parole) | Probation
  • Corrections | Community Corrections (Probation and Parole) | Parole
  • Corrections | Community Corrections (Probation and Parole) | Probation | Probation population counts
  • Corrections | Community Corrections (Probation and Parole) | Parole | Parole population counts
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    Related Links

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