BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
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Home  | Data Collection Detail

Data Collection: Census Of State And Federal Adult Correctional Facilities (CCF, Formerly CSFACF)
Status: Active
Frequency: 1974, 1979, 1984, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2012 (limited variables), 2019
Latest data available: 2012

Conducted approximately every five to seven years, the Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities (CCF) collects facility-level data on the operations of facilities and the conditions of confinement, including facility capacity and crowding, court orders, safety and security within prisons, security-staff workload, overall facility function, programming, work assignments, and special housing. The CCF furnishes the sampling frame for the nationwide Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities.

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Data Experts

  • Laura Maruschak, BJS Statistician (Email this expert)
  • Tracy Snell, BJS Statistician (Email this expert)
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    Collection Period

    1974, 1979, 1984, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2012 (limited variables), 2019

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    Questionnaires

    Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities (CJ-43)
    2005 PDF (155K) | 2000 PDF (169K)
    Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities, Community-Based Correctional Facilities (CJ-43B)
    2019 PDF (264K)
    Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities, Confinement Facilities (CJ-43A)
    2019 PDF (288K)
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    Documentation

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    Methodology

    The Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities includes prisons and prison farms; reception, diagnostic, and classification centers; facilities for parole violators; road and forestry correctional camps; facilities for youthful offenders; and drug and alcohol treatment facilities. It excludes jails, other local and regional detention facilities, and private facilities.

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    Changes Over Time

    The questionnaire is modified with each iteration to capture information on evolving issues in criminal justice and topics of greatest interest to users.

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    Publications & Products

    The following publications and products were generated by BJS using data from this collection.

    Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 2005 Presents selected findings from the Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 2005. The report includes data on characteristics of facilities by type, size, security level, rated and design capacities, court orders, and use of private contractors.
      Full report (PDF 302K) | ASCII file (32K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 22K)
    Part of the Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series

    Profile of Nonviolent Offenders Exiting State Prisons Provides a description of the general characteristics of prison populations serving time for nonviolent crimes as they exit State prisons.
      Full report (PDF 528K) | ASCII file (5K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 8K) | Codebooks and Datasets


    Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 2000 Provides information on facilities, inmates, programs, and staff of State and Federal correctional facilities throughout the Nation, and of private correctional facilities housing State or Federal inmates.
      Full report (PDF 733K) | ASCII file (47K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 168K) | Codebooks and Datasets | To order paper version
    Part of the Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series

    Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 1995 Provides information on facilities, inmates, programs and staff of State and Federal correctional facilities throughout the Nation.
      Press Release | Executive Summary (PDF 101K) | Executive Summary (ASCII file 11K) | Full Report (PDF 284K) | Full Report (ASCII file 125K) | Codebooks and Datasets
    Part of the Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series

    Drug Enforcement and Treatment in Prisons, 1990 Using data from the 1990 Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, this study examines how State and Federal correctional facilities week to stop the entry and use of illegal drugs.
      Full report (PDF)
    Part of the Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series

    Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 1990 This publication presents data on the 1990 census of State correctional facilities including 250 community-based facilities that housed 2 percent of the Nation's prison population and 80 Federal prisons.
      Full report (PDF)
    Part of the Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series

    Census of State Adult Correctional Facilities, 1984 This report presents data on facilities, inmates programs, staff, and expenditures for State-operated confinement and community-based correctional facilities throughout the Nation for fiscal year 1984.
      Full report (PDF)
    Part of the Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series

    Census of State Adult Correctional Facilities, 1979 This document from the 1979 Census of Adult Correctional Facilities contains the variable description list and the codebook, as well as descriptions of the study, the file structure, processing information, and codebook information.
      Full report (PDF)
    Part of the Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series

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    Related Topics

  • Corrections
  • Corrections | Total correctional population
  • Corrections | State and federal prisoners and prison facilities
  • Corrections | State and federal prisoners and prison facilities | Prison population counts
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