BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
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Home  | Data Collection Detail

Data Collection: Firearm Inquiry Statistics (FIST) program
Frequency: Annually since 1994
Latest data available: 2015

The Firearm Inquiry Statistics (FIST) program collects information on firearm applications and denials and combines this information with the FBI's National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) transaction data to produce an estimated number of background checks for firearm transfers or permits since the effective date of the Brady Act in 1994. Findings are published in statistical tables that describe trends in background check activities and report data on the number of firearm transaction applications processed by the FBI and by state and local agencies, the number of applications denied, reasons for denial, and estimates of applications by jurisdiction and by each type of approval system. Data have also been collected on processes followed by each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia in connection with firearm checks and reported by BJS. Findings have been released in the Summary of State Firearm Transfer Laws, December 31, 2013.

On This Page

Collection Period

2015

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Methodology

  

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Publications & Products

The following publications and products were generated by BJS using data from this collection.

Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, 2015 - Statistical Tables Describes background checks for firearms transfers conducted in 2015 and presents estimates of firearm applications received and denied annually since the effective date of the Brady Act in 1994 through 2015.
  PDF (477K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 39K)
Part of the Background Checks for Firearm Transfers Series

Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, 2013-2014 - Statistical Tables Describes background checks for firearm transfers conducted in 2014, including partial data for 2013, and presents estimates of firearm applications received and denied annually since the effective date of the Brady Act through 2014.
  PDF (795K) | ASCII file (55K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 9K)
Part of the Background Checks for Firearm Transfers Series

Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, 2012 - Statistical Tables Describes background checks for firearm transfers conducted in 2012. These statistical tables provide the estimated number of firearm applications and denials since the inception of the Brady Act in 1994 through 2012.
  PDF (1.2M) | ASCII file (23K) | Comma-delimited format (csv) (Zip format 63K)
Part of the Background Checks for Firearm Transfers Series

Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, 2009 - Statistical Tables Describes background checks for firearm transfers conducted in 2009.
  HTML | PDF (255K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 16K)
Part of the Background Checks for Firearm Transfers Series

Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, 2008 - Statistical Tables This web page describes background checks for firearm transfers conducted in 2008.
  HTML | PDF (141K)
Part of the Background Checks for Firearm Transfers Series

Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, 2007 - Statistical Tables This web page describes background checks for firearm transfers conducted in 2007.
  HTML | PDF (341K)
Part of the Background Checks for Firearm Transfers Series

Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, 2006 - Statistical Tables This web page describes background checks for firearm transfers conducted in 2006.
  HTML | PDF (4K)
Part of the Background Checks for Firearm Transfers Series

Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, 2005 Describes background checks for firearm transfers conducted in 2005.
  PDF (701K) | ASCII file (32K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 17K) | To order paper version
Part of the Background Checks for Firearm Transfers Series

Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, 2004 Describes background checks for firearm transfers conducted in 2004.
  PDF (143K) | ASCII file (40K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 14K) | To order paper version
Part of the Background Checks for Firearm Transfers Series

Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, 2003: Trends for the Permanent Brady Period, 1999-2003 Describes background checks for firearm transfers conducted in 2003, and presents trends during the Permanent Brady Period (1999-2003).
  Press Release | PDF (642K) | ASCII file (40K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 36K)
Part of the Background Checks for Firearm Transfers Series

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Related Topics

  • Criminal Justice Data Improvement Program
  • Criminal Justice Data Improvement Program | National Criminal History Improvement Program | Special projects/collections
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