BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

clear image
Home  |  About Us  |  Contact Us  |  Get notifications  |  Help  |  A-Z Topic List
Office of Justice Programs (OJP) Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
clear image
Home  | Publication & Product Detail
Publication Prisoners in 2011

E. Ann Carson, Ph.D., William J. Sabol, Ph.D., Bureau of Justice Statistics

December 17, 2012    NCJ 239808

Presents data on prisoners under the jurisdiction of federal and state correctional authorities on December 31, 2011, collected from the National Prisoner Statistics series. The report compares changes in the prison population during 2011 to changes from yearend 2000 through yearend 2010. It explores factors leading to the second straight year of decline in the state prison population, as well as continued growth in the federal prison population. Findings cover data on decreasing admissions and releases in state prisons; imprisonment rates for prisoners sentenced to more than one year, by jurisdiction, age, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and offense distributions of prisoners; and the contribution of California’s new Public Safety Realignment policy on the national state prison population.


  • During 2011, the number of prisoners under the jurisdiction of state and federal correctional authorities declined by 0.9%, from 1,613,803 to 1,598,780.
  • The number of sentenced prisoners under the jurisdiction of the Federal Bureau of Prisons in 2011 increased by 6,409 inmates (up 3.4%) from 2010.
  • During 2011, the number of releases from state and federal prisons (688,384) exceeded the number of admissions (668,800).

Part of the Prisoners Series

Press Release
Full report (PDF 1M)
ASCII file (55K)
Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 45K)

Help for using BJS products

To cite this product, use the following link:

View All Publications and Products

Back to Top