|ADVANCE FOR RELEASE AT 10:00 A.M. EST||Bureau of Justice Statistics|
|THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 2015||Contact: Kara McCarthy (202) 307-1241|
|HTTP://WWW.BJS.GOV/||After hours: (202) 598-9320|
FOR THE SEVENTH CONSECUTIVE YEAR U.S. ADULTS UNDER COMMUNITY SUPERVISION DECLINED IN 2014
WASHINGTON – The one-percent decline in the number of adults supervised in the community on probation or parole between yearend 2013 and 2014 marked the seventh consecutive year of decline in the population, the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) announced today. In the past seven years, adults under community supervision declined between 0.5 percent and 2.6 percent annually, or by nearly 400,000 offenders over the 7-year period.
Between yearend 2008 and 2014, the probation population fell 10 percent, while the parole population increased nearly 4 percent. Probation is a court-ordered period of supervision in the community, generally used as an alternative to incarceration, and parole is a period of conditional supervised release in the community following a prison term.
An estimated 4.7 million adults were under correctional community supervision in the United States on December 31, 2014, down 45,300 offenders from the same day in 2013. The decline in community supervision was due to a drop in the number on probation that was offset by an increase in the number on parole. Between yearend 2013 and 2014, the probation population decreased by 46,500 offenders (from 3,910,600 to 3,864,100 offenders) while the parole population increase by 1,700 offenders over the same period (from 855,200 to 856,900 offenders).
Additionally, between yearend 2013 and 2014 the rate of adults under correctional community supervision declined from 1,947 to 1,910 offenders per 100,000 U.S. adult residents. The rate in 2014 was equivalent to about one in 52 U.S. adult residents.
Other probation findings include—
Other parole findings include—
The report, Probation and Parole in the United States, 2014 (NCJ 249057), was written by BJS statisticians Danielle Kaeble, Laura M. Maruschak and Thomas P. Bonczar. The report, related documents and additional information about BJS statistical publications and programs can be found on the BJS website at http://www.bjs.gov/.
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The Office of Justice Programs (OJP), headed by Assistant Attorney General Karol V. Mason, provides federal leadership in developing the nation's capacity to prevent and control crime, administer justice, and assist victims. OJP has six components: the Bureau of Justice Assistance; the Bureau of Justice Statistics; the National Institute of Justice; the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; the Office for Victims of Crime; and the Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking. More information about OJP can be found at http://www.ojp.gov.
Bureau of Justice Statistics