BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Law Enforcement Training Academies
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As of yearend 2006, a total of 648 state and local law enforcement academies provided basic training to entry-level recruits in the United States.  Federal training academies and academies that provide only in-service training, corrections and detention training, or other special types of training were not included in these data.  These findings are based on the 2006 Census of Law Enforcement Training Academies (CLETA). 

Summary findings

  • Academies prepared trainees for a law enforcement career in a variety of settings.  Ninety-two percent of academies trained and certified recruits who were employed as local police officers.  Seventy percent of academies trained and certified sheriff’s deputies, 50% trained and certified campus police officers, 21% trained and certified state police or highway patrol officers, 16% trained and certified constables, 15% trained and certified tribal police officers, 15% trained and certified natural resource officers, and 14% trained and certified transportation police officers.
  • An estimated 57,000 recruits entered basic training programs during 2005.  Overall, 86% or about 49,000 of the 57,000 recruits who started basic training in 2005, completed training and graduated from the academy.
  • On average, academy training programs included 761 hours of classroom training (about 19 weeks).  A third of academies had an additional mandatory field training component with an average length of 453 hours.
  • State and local law enforcement training academies employed about 10,000 full-time instructors and 28,000 part-time instructors during 2006.  About two-fifths (39%) of full-time academy instructors were sworn officers permanently employed by, or permanently assigned to, the academy.
  • Academies’ operating expenditures averaged about $1.3 million.  The average amount spent per full-time equivalent employee was about $33,000, and about $16,000 spent per recruit who completed training in 2005.
  • Community policing instruction increased slightly, while sizable increases were observed in terrorism-related training from 2002 to 2006. In both 2002 and 2006, more than 90% of academies provided basic training on community policing topics.  Additionally, 90% of academies provided basic training on terrorism-related topics in 2006, up from 80% in 2002.

Data Collections & Surveys

Publications & Products


Hiring and Retention of State and Local Law Enforcement Officers, 2008 - Statistical Tables Presents the results of a special survey administered to a nationally representative sample of agencies that participated in the 2008 Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies.
  PDF (995K) | ASCII file (36K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 89K)
Part of the Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies Series

Contacts between Police and the Public, 2008 Presents findings from a nationally representative survey of nearly 60,000 residents age 16 or older about their contact with police during the 12 months prior to the interview.
  Press Release | PDF (932K) | ASCII file (48K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 51K) | Codebooks and Datasets
Part of the Contacts between Police and the Public Series

Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, 2008 Presents the results of the Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, which is conducted every four years and covers approximately 18,000 law enforcement agencies nationwide.
  PDF (836K) | ASCII file (36K) | Spreadsheets (Zip format 23K)
Part of the Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies Series

State and Local Law Enforcement Training Academies, 2006 "State and local law enforcement academies trained 57,000 new recruits during 2005"
  Press Release | More information about this release

State and Local Law Enforcement Training Academies, 2006 Presents findings from the 2006 BJS Census of Law Enforcement Training Academies, updating the results of the initial census conducted in 2002.
  Press Release | PDF (163K) | ASCII file (31K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 27K) | To order paper version

Types of instructors in state and local law enforcement training academies, 2006 Table 3 from State and Local Enforcement Training Academies, 2006
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Operating expenditures of state and local law enforcement training academies, by type of operating agency, FY 2005 Table 9 from State and Local Law Enforcement Training Academies, 2006
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State and Local Law Enforcement Training Academies, 2002 Presents data on personnel, facilities and resources, trainees, and training curricula of law enforcement academies in the United States.
  PDF (50K) | ASCII file (638K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 33K) | Codebooks and Datasets | To order paper version