BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

Home  |  About Us  |  Contact Us  |  Help  |  A-Z Topic List
 
 
Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Home | Law Enforcement | Police-Public Contacts | Officers Killed and Assaulted
Officers Killed and Assaulted
On This Page
About this Topic

In addition to enforcing criminal law, police officers often engage in community service. Community service may include providing information and/or assistance to people in need, as well as offering youth education and coordinating community outreach efforts. In many communities, police officers network to establish partnerships between residents and the law enforcement agency. Community-oriented policing seeks to address the causes of crime and to reduce fear of social disorder through problem-solving strategies and police- community partnerships. Typically it involves a greater use of foot and bicycle patrols and frequent meetings with community groups.

Summary Findings

  • Fifty-eight percent of all departments, employing 82% of officers, used full-time community policing officers during 2003. Collectively, there were about 54,800 local police officers so designated.
  • Sixty percent of departments, including more than 80% of those serving 25,000 or more residents, had problem-solving partnerships or written agreements with community groups, local agencies, or others during the 12-month period ending June 30, 2003.
  • Forty-three percent of departments, employing 74% of all officers, used full-time school resource officers in 2003. Collectively, these agencies employed about 14,300 such officers.
  • Seventy-four percent of local police departments in 2003 provided crime prevention education to citizens.
  • About two-thirds (65%) of departments provided animal control services in 2003. Other special public safety functions included: school crossing services (42%); emergency medical services (26%), civil defense (19%), and fire services (10%).

Data Collections & Surveys

Publications & Products


Contacts between Police and the Public, 2008 CONTACTS BETWEEN POLICE AND THE PUBLIC DECLINED FROM 2002 TO 2008
  Press Release
Part of the Contacts between Police and the Public Series

Contacts between Police and the Public, 2005 "Police stop white, black and Hispanic drivers at similar rates according to Department of Justice report"
  Press Release | More information about this release

Local Police Departments, 2003 Presents data collected from a representative sample of local police department nationwide on a variety of agency characteristics based on the 2003 Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS) survey.
  PDF (844K) | ASCII file (34K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 60K) | Codebooks and Datasets | To order paper version
Part of the Local Police Departments Series

Contacts between Police and Public: Findings from the 2002 National Survey Presents data on the nature and characteristics of contacts between residents of the U.S. and the police over a 12-month period.
  PDF (886K) | ASCII file (62K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 25K) | To order paper version
Part of the Contacts between Police and the Public Series

Police Departments in Large Cities, 1990-2000 Describes trends from 1990 to 2000 among local police departments serving U.S. cities with 250,000 or more residents.
  Press Release | PDF (772K) | ASCII file (30K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 75K) | Codebooks and Datasets | To order paper version

Contacts between Police and the Public: Findings from the 1999 National Survey "Force or threatened force used in less than 1 percent of all police-public interactions. Half of all Contacts with Law Enforcement Officers are in Traffic Stops"
  Press Release | More information about this release

Contacts between Police and Public: Findings from the 1999 National Survey Presents data on the nature and characteristics of citizen contacts with the police over a 12-month period.
  Press Release | PDF (451K) | ASCII file (100K) | Spreadsheet (549K) | Codebooks and Datasets
Part of the Contacts between Police and the Public Series

Policing and Homicide, 1976-98: Justifiable Homicide of Felons by Police and Murder of Police by Felons Presents annual trends from 1976 to 1998 in two types of homicide: justifiable homicides of felons by police, and murders of police officers by felons.
  PDF (217K) | ASCII file (90K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 116K) | Codebooks and Datasets

Criminal Victimization and Perceptions of Community Safety in 12 Cities, 1998 "Survey in 12 cities show widespread community support for police: New process collects data on victimization, citizen perceptions of police and crime"
  Press Release | More information about this release

Criminal Victimization and Perceptions of Community Safety in 12 Cities, 1998 Presents survey data from 12 cities regarding criminal victimization and residents' attitudes toward their neighborhood, their city, and the local policing services.
  Press Release | PDF (894K) | ASCII file (183K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 128K) | Codebooks and Datasets | To order paper version

Terms & Definitions

Assistance -
 
Community policing A philosophy that promotes organizational strategies, which support the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques between the police and the community. These strategies proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues such as crime, social disorder, and fear of crime. For more information about community policing please visit the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) website.
 
Related Links