BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
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Summary findings

  • In the nation's 75 largest counties, an estimated 58,100 defendants were charged with a felony offense in 2006.
  • More than three-fourths of felony defendants had a prior arrest history, with 69% having multiple prior arrests.
  • Fifty-eight percent of felony defendants in the nation's 75 largest counties were released prior to adjudication and about a third of the released defendants committed some form of pretrial misconduct.
  • About two-thirds of felony defendants were eventually convicted and more than 95% of these convictions occurred through a guilty plea.
  • Seventy percent of defendants convicted were incarcerated in a state prison or local jail.

 

Data Collections & Surveys

Publications & Products


Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties, 2009 - Statistical Tables Presents data on felony defendants for cases filed in May 2009 and followed up for up to 1 year after filing (2 years for murder cases); statistics covered include arrest charges, demographic characteristics, criminal histories, pretrial processing, adjudication, and sentencing.
  PDF (2M) | ASCII file (49K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 52K)
Part of the Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties Series

Pretrial Detention and Misconduct in Federal District Courts, 1995-2010 Presents findings on general trends in pretrial detention and misconduct in the federal district courts between fiscal years 1995 and 2010.
  PDF (1.6M) | ASCII file (34K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 11K)

Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties, 2006 Presents data collected from a representative sample of felony cases filed in the nation's 75 most populous counties during May 2006.
  Acrobat file (PDF 1.61M) | ASCII file (43K) | Spreadsheets (Zip format 50K)
Part of the Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties Series

Felony Sentences in State Courts, 2006 - Statistical Tables (Standard error tables added) Presents findings from the 2006 National Judicial Reporting Program (NJRP), which compiles detailed information on the sentences that felons receive in state courts nationwide and on characteristics of the felons.
  Acrobat file (PDF) | Spreadsheets (Zip format 30K) | ASCII file (26K)
Part of the Felony Sentences in State Courts Series

Profile of Intimate Partner Violence Cases in Large Urban Counties Examines the characteristics and processing of 3,750 cases of intimate partner violence, filed in the state courts of 16 large urban counties in May 2002.
  Press Release | PDF (1.4M) | ASCII file (25K) | Spreadsheet (16K)

Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties, 2004 Presents data collected from a representative sample of felony cases filed in the nation's 75 largest counties during May 2004.
  PDF (86K) | Spreadsheet (5K) | To order paper version
Part of the Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties Series

State Court Processing of Domestic Violence Cases Examines the processing of domestic violence (DV) and non-domestic violence (non-DV) cases filed in May 2002 in 15 large urban counties.
  Press Release | PDF (221K) | ASCII file (24K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 11K) | To order paper version

Pretrial Release of Felony Defendants in State Courts Presents findings on the pretrial release phase of the criminal justice process using data collected from a representative sample of felony cases filed in the 75 largest U.S. counties in May during even-numbered years from 1990 to 2004.
  PDF (201K) | ASCII file (37K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 23K) | To order paper version

Felony Sentences in State Courts, 2004 Presents statistics for adults who were convicted of a felony and sentenced in state courts. The data were collected in a nationally representative survey of 300 counties in 2004.
  PDF (152K) | ASCII file (28K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 22K) | To order paper version
Part of the Felony Sentences in State Courts Series

Violent Felons in Large Urban Counties Presents data collected from a representative sample of felony cases that resulted in a felony conviction for a violent offense in 40 of the Nation's 75 largest counties.
  Press Release | PDF (253K) | ASCII file (22K) | ZIP Format (Spreadsheet 18K) | To order paper version