BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Federal Prisons
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The Death in Custody Reporting Act does not apply to federal law enforcement agencies or the Federal Bureau of Prisons. However, BJS has collected annual counts of deaths in federal prisons, by cause of death, as part of the National Prisoners Statistics program since the 1970s. While the cause of death categories are slightly different than those used for the DCRP collections from state prisons and local jails, these data may be useful for comparative purposes.

Deaths of prisoners under federal jurisdiction, by cause of death, 1999-2008
 
Year Number of federal prisoner deaths, by cause Federal prisoner count, yearend

All
causes
Illness* AIDS-
related
Suicide Accidental
self-injury
Execution Caused by
another
Unspecified
cause

2008 399 345 13 21 6 0 13   1 173,896
2007 368 313 10 18 0 0 12  15 174,106
2006 328  294  12  12  2  0  8  0  170,581
2005 388  327  27  13  6  0  15     0  166,462
2004 333  295  18  11  6  0  3  0  159,897
2003 347  315  14    6  4  1  5  2  152,750
2002 335  289  17  17  5  0  3  4  144,540
2001 303  247  22  18  6  2  8  0  137,116
2000 285  242  21  13  4  0  5  0  130,683
1999 268  235  16  12  0  0  5  0  121,854
* Excludes AIDS-related deaths.
Source: National Prisoners Statistics program, Bureau of Justice Statistics,
U.S. Department of Justice.

 

 

 

Mortality rate per 100,000 federal prisoners, by cause of death, 1999-2008
 
Year Mortality rate per 100,000 federal prisoners, by cause

All
causes
Illness* AIDS-
related
Suicide Accidental
self-injury
Execution Caused by
another
Unspecified
cause
2008 229 198 7 12 3 0 7 1
2007 211 180 6 10 0 0 7 9
2006 192 172 7 7  1  0  5  0
2005 233 196 16 8  4  0  9  0
2004 208 184 11 7  4  0  2  0
2003 227 206 9 4  3  1  3  1
2002 232 200 12 12  3  0  2  3
2001 221 180 16 13  4  1  6  0
2000 218 185 16 10  3  0  4  0
1999 220 193 13 10  0  0  4  0
Note: Detail may not add to total rate due to rounding. Mortality rates are per 100,000 prisoners held under the jurisdiction of the Federal Bureau of Prisons at yearend
* Excludes AIDS-related deaths.
Source: National Prisoners Statistics program, Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice

 

Data Collections & Surveys

Publications & Products


Mortality in Local Jails and State Prisons, 2000–2013 - Statistical Tables Present inmate death records from each of the nation's 50 state prison systems. Death records include information on decedent personal characteristics (age, race or Hispanic origin, and sex), decedent criminal background (legal status, offense type, and time served), and the death itself (date, time, location, and cause of death, as well as information on the autopsy and medical treatment provided
  Press Release | Summary (PDF 223KB) | PDF (2.3MB) | ASCII file (46KB) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 66KB)
Part of the Mortality in Local Jails and State Prisons Series

Arrest-Related Deaths in the United States, 2003-2005 "States reported more than 2,000 arrest-related deaths from 2003 through 2005 -- Homicides by Officers Made Up More Than Half of Such Fatalities"
  Press Release | More information about this release
Part of the Arrest-Related Deaths Series