BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
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Recidivism
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The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) collects criminal history data from the FBI and state record repositories to study the recidivism patterns of various offenders, including persons on probation or discharged from prison. The latest study estimated the recidivism patterns of about 400,000 persons released from state prisons in 30 states in 2005. The findings from the 2005 study cannot be directly compared to those from the previous BJS prisoner recidivism studies due to changes in the demographic characteristics and criminal histories of the U.S. prison population, an increase in the number of states in the study, and improvements made to the quality and completeness of the nation’s criminal history records since the mid-1990s.

In addition to recidivism statistics based on criminal history records, BJS collects administrative data through the Annual Surveys of Probation and Parole to examine the rate at which offenders are at risk of being incarcerated for a new offense or for violating the conditions of their supervision.

Data Collections & Surveys

Publications & Products


Recidivism of Prisoners Released in 30 States in 2005: Patterns from 2005 to 2010 3 IN 4 FORMER PRISONERS IN 30 STATES ARRESTED WITHIN 5 YEARS OF RELEASE
  Press Release
Part of the Recidivism of Prisoners Released Series

Recidivism of Prisoners Released in 30 States in 2005: Patterns from 2005 to 2010 Examines the 5-year post-release offending patterns of persons released from state prisons in 2005 by offender characteristics, prior criminal history, and commitment offense.
  Press Release | PDF (1.5M) | ASCII file (35K) | Delimited-comma format (CSV) (Zip format 44K)
Part of the Recidivism of Prisoners Released Series

Prisoner Recidivism Analysis Tool This analysis tool allows users to calculate recidivism rates for persons released from state prisons. Recidivism rates may be generated for the entire sample of released prisoners or for released prisoners with specific demographic, criminal history, and sentence attributes.
  Prisoner Recidivism Analysis Tool (Data online) | Press Release

Prisoner Recidivism Analysis Tool This analysis tool enables users to calculate recidivism rates for persons released from State prisons. Recidivism rates may be generated for a large sample of releasees or for releasees with specific demographic, criminal history, and sentence attributes.
  Press Release

National Corrections Reporting Program: Sentence length of state prisoners, by offense, admission type, sex, and race Presents data on sentence length of state prisoners, by offense, admission type, sex, and race.
  1993 (Zip format 11K) | 1994 (Zip format 12K) | 1995 (Zip format 11K) | 1996 (Zip format 12K) | 1997 (Zip format 13K) | 1998 (Zip format 10K) | 1999 (Zip format 8K) | 2000 (Zip format 10K) | 2001 (Zip format 11K) | 2002 (Zip format 10K) | 2003 (Zip format 11K) | 2004 (Zip format 10K) | 2005 (Zip format 10K) | 2006 (Zip format 11K) | 2007 (Zip format 11K) | 2008 (Zip format 11K) | 2009 (Zip format 11K)
Part of the National Corrections Reporting Program Series

National Corrections Reporting Program: Most serious offense of state prisoners, by offense, admission type, age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin Presents the number and percentage of most serious offense of state prisoners, by offense, admission type, age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin.
  1993 (Zip format 12K) | 1994 (Zip format 12K) | 1995 (Zip format 12K) | 1996 (Zip format 12K) | 1997 (Zip format 12K) | 1998 (Zip format 12K) | 1999 (Zip format 12K) | 2000 (Zip format 12K) | 2001 (Zip format 12K) | 2002 (Zip format 11K) | 2003 (Zip format 12K) | 2004 (Zip format 12K) | 2005 (Zip format 12K) | 2006 (Zip format 13K) | 2007 (Zip format 13K) | 2008 (Zip format 13K) | 2009 (Zip format 13K)
Part of the National Corrections Reporting Program Series

National Corrections Reporting Program: Time served in state prison, by offense, release type, sex, and race Presents information on time served in state prison, by offense, release type, sex, and race.
  1993 (Zip format 9K) | 1994 (Zip format 10K) | 1995 (Zip format 10K) | 1996 (Zip format 10K) | 1997 (Zip format 10K) | 1998 (Zip format 10k) | 1999 (Zip format 9K) | 2000 (Zip format 9K) | 2001 (Zip format 10K) | 2002 (Zip format 10K) | 2003 (Zip format 10K) | 2004 (Zip format 10K) | 2005 (Zip format 11K) | 2006 (Zip format 11K) | 2007 (Zip format 11K) | 2008 (Zip format 11K) | 2009 (Zip format 11K)
Part of the National Corrections Reporting Program Series

American Indians and Crime: A BJS Statistical Profile, 1992-2002 Reports the rates and characteristics of violent crimes experienced by American Indians and summarizes data on American Indians in the criminal justice system.
  PDF (337K) | ASCII file (34K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 60K) | Codebooks and Datasets
Part of the American Indians and Crime Series

Profile of Jail Inmates, 2002 Describes the characteristics of jail inmates in 2002, including offenses, conviction status, criminal histories, sentences, time served, drug and alcohol use and treatment, and family background. Characteristics of jail inmates include gender, race, and Hispanic origin.
  Press Release | PDF (337K) | ASCII file (34K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 60K) | To order paper version

Recidivism of Sex Offenders Released from Prison in 1994 Presents, for the first time, data on the rearrest, reconviction, and reimprisonment of 9,691 male sex offenders, including 4,295 child molesters, who were tracked for 3 years after their release from prisons in 15 States in 1994.
  Press Release | PDF (521K) | ASCII file (107K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 76K) | Codebooks and Datasets | To order paper version