BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Parole agencies
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The 2006 Census of State Parole Supervising Agencies included 52 state parole supervising agencies that supervised 660,959 adult parolees on June 30, 2006, or about 83% of 798,202 parolees at yearend 2006. For a comparison to the 2006 Annual Parole Survey, see table 14 in Characteristics of State Parole Supervising Agencies, 2006.

Summary Findings

National level data tables:

Adult parolees and probationers supervised, number of parole agency offices, and agency administration

Full-time and part-time employees of state parole supervising agencies

Caseload

Parolee supervision levels

Functions performed by state parole supervising agencies

Agencies' use of drug treatment programs

Agencies' use of sex offender and mental health treatment programs

Housing and employment assistance programs provided by adult parole supervising agencies

State level data tables:

Adult parolees and probationers supervised, number of parole agency offices, and agency administration

Number and type of employees

Number and gender of employees

Caseload

Supervision level

Parole supervising agencies which had a role in considering prisoners for release and setting the conditions of supervision

Parole supervising agencies which had responsibility for conducting adult parole revocation hearings

Drug abuse testing of parolees, returns to incarceration, and drug treatment programs

Use of sex offender and mental health treatment programs

Housing assistance programs provided by adult parole agencies

Employment assistance programs provided by adult parole agencies

Detailed state notes

Data Collections & Surveys

Publications & Products


Characteristics of State Parole Supervising Agencies, 2006 Table 3. Full-time and part-time employees of state adult parole supervising agencies, by type of agency and staff, June 30, 2006 Characteristics of State Parole Supervising Agencies, 2006 Table 3. Full-time and part-time employees of state adult parole supervising agencies, by type of agency and staff, June 30, 2006
 

Table 6. State adult parole supervising agencies thatconsider prisoners for release, set the terms/conditions of supervison, or conducted parole revocation hearings, June 30,2006 Table 6. State adult parole supervising agencies that considered prisoners for release, set the terms/conditions of supervision, or conducted parole revocation hearings, June 30, 2006
  Spreadsheet (2K)

Table 9. Adult supervising agencies use of drug treatment programs, by type of program, June 30, 2006 Table 9. Adult supervising agencies use of drug treatment programs, by type of program, June 30, 2006
  Spreadsheet (1K)

Table 10. Adult supervising agencies's use of sex offender and mental health treatment programs, by type of program, June 30, 2006 Table 10. Adult supervising agencies' use of sex offender and mental health treatment programs, by type of program, June 30, 2006
  Spreadsheet (1K)

Table 5. Levels and status of adults on parole, state adult parole supervising agencies, June 30, 2006 Table 5. Levels and status of adults on parole, state adult parole supervising agencies, June 30, 2006
  Spreadsheet (2K)

Table 11. Housing and employment assistance programs provided by adult parole agencies, June 30, 2006 Table 11. Housing and employment assistance programs provided by adult parole agencies, June 30, 2006
  Spreadsheet (2K)

Terms & Definitions

Parole Parole refers to criminal offenders who are conditionally released from prison to serve the remaining portion of their sentence in the community. Prisoners may be released to parole by a parole board decision (discretionary release/discretionary parole), according to provisions of a statute (mandatory release/mandatory parole), through other types of post-custody conditional supervision, or as the result of a sentence to a term of supervised release. In the federal system, a term of supervised release is a sentence to a fixed period of supervision in the community that follows a sentence to a period of incarceration in federal prison, both of which are ordered at the time of sentencing by a federal judge. Parolees can have a number of different supervision statuses including active supervision, which means they are required to regularly report to a parole authority in person, by mail, or by telephone. Some parolees may be on an inactive status which means they are excluded from regularly reporting, and that could be due to a number of reasons. For instance, some may receive a reduction in supervision, possibly due to compliance or meeting all required conditions before the parole sentence terminates, and therefore may be moved from an active to inactive status. Other supervision statues include parolees who only have financial conditions remaining, have absconded, or who have active warrants. Parolees are also typically required to fulfill certain conditions and adhere to specific rules of conduct while in the community. Failure to comply with any of the conditions can result in a return to incarceration.