BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Publication Cross-National Studies in Crime and Justice

Marcelo F. Aebi, Catrien C. J. H. Bijleveld, Carlos Carcach, Lars Dolmén, David P. Farrington, Ph.D., Mark J. Irving, Darrick Jolliffe, Martin Killias, Philippe Lamon, Patrick A. Langan, Ph.D., Paul R. Smit, David J. Smith, Michael Tonry, Brandon C. Welsh, Per-Olof H. Wikström

September 1, 2004    NCJ 200988

Summarizes the results from a study that documents crime and criminal punishment trends from 1981 to 1999 in eight countries: Australia, Canada, England, the Netherlands, Scotland, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. To enhance comparability, each paper deals with six crimes that are similarly defined across the eight countries: murder, rape, non-commercial robbery, serious assault, household burglary, and completed motor vehicle theft. Each paper uses the same set of measures of criminal punishment. Measures include sentence length imposed, percent of sentence served, and probabilities of arrest, of conviction, and of incarceration.

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