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Publication Crime and Justice in the United States and in England and Wales, 1981-96

David P. Farrington, Ph.D., Patrick A. Langan, Ph.D.

October 4, 1998    NCJ 169284

Compares crime in the United States and England with respect to crime rates (as measured both by victimization surveys and police statistics), conviction rates, incarceration rates, and length of sentences. Crime rates as measured in victim surveys are all higher in England than the United States. Crime rates as measured in police statistics are higher in England for half of the measured crime types. A person committing serious crime in the United States is generally more likely than one in England to be caught, convicted, and incarcerated. Incarceration sentences are also generally longer in the United States than England.

Appendix tables 26 and 27 were revised on 7/11/00.

Press Release (6K)
Full Report (PDF 659K)
Full Report (HTML)
Highlights (PDF 99K)
Report without methodology (PDF 426K)
Methodology (PDF 273K)
Supporting spreadsheets for Appendix 2: United States data - Zip format (Spreadsheet 29K)
Supporting spreadsheets for Appendix 2: English data - Zip format (Spreadsheet 24K)

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