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Publication HIV in Prisons, 2001-2010 - Revised

Laura M. Maruschak

September 13, 2012    NCJ 238877

Presents national trends in the rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and AIDS-related death rates among state and federal prison inmates from 2001 to 2010. The bulletin also presents annual statistics on HIV/AIDS for state and federal inmates by jurisdiction from 2008 to 2010. The number of cases is reported for males and females and distinguishes between inmates who tested positive for HIV and inmates with confirmed AIDS. Tables present the numbers and demographic characteristics of inmates who died from AIDS-related causes between 2008 and 2010. The report also compares AIDS-related death rates in the general U.S. population ages 15 to 54 with AIDS-related death rates in prison populations in that age group.


  • The rate of HIV/AIDS among state and federal prison inmates declined from 194 cases per 10,000 inmates in 2001 to 146 per 10,000 at yearend 2010.
  • Between 2001 and 2010, the average annual decline of 16% in the national AIDS mortality rate was similar to the decline in small (down 12%), medium (down 17%), and large (down 19%) state prison populations.
  • AIDS-related deaths in state prisons declined from 89 in 2009 to 69 in 2010 among males, from 70 to 43 among black non-Hispanics, and from 87 to 60 among all state inmates age 35 or older.

Part of the HIV in Prisons and Jails Series

Press Release
PDF (1.14)
ASCII file (27K)
Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Spreadsheet 36K)

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