BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Publication Crime and Neighborhoods

Carol J. DeFrances, Steven K. Smith

June 1, 1994    NCJ 147005

The percentage of black households reporting crime almost doubled, from 9 to 17 percent. In 1991, 23 percent of inner-city black households said crime was a neighborhood problem, up from 12 percent in 1985. The percentage of white households mentioning crime as a neighborhod problem increased during the 1985-1991 period but the increase was consistently lower than that of black households. Crime never became the most frequently mentioned neighborhood problem by white inner-city households, despite an increase from 8 percent in 1985 to 13 percent in 1991. Inner-city households were more likely to identify crime as a neighborhood problem in 1991 than suburban or rural households. Household responses on crime reflected the extent of victimization. Black households had a consistently higher percentage of violent and overall crime victimization than white households. Inner-city households experienced violent crime more often than suburban or rural households. Most inmates in State prisons committed offenses outside their own neighborhood. 4 tables and 3 figures

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