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Publication Jails in Indian Country, 1998 and 1999

Paula M. Ditton

July 9, 2000    NCJ 173410

Presents findings from the 1998 and 1999 Surveys of Jails in Indian Country, a complete enumeration of all 69 confinement facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), in collaboration with the BIA, and the Corrections Program Office and the American Indian and Alaska Native Desk within the Office of Justice Programs, conducted the survey on June 30, as part of BJS' Annual Survey of Jails. The survey includes the number of inmates, staffing, and facility characteristics and needs. The report presents data for each facility, including who runs it, facility age, facility function, rated capacity, authority to house juveniles, number of juveniles held, number of admissions and discharges in last 30 days, inmate deaths, the largest number of inmates held in last 30 days, number of inmates held by gender and conviction status on June 30, number of facility staff by sex and function, facility crowding, renovation and building plans, types of programs available to inmates, and overview of facility and staffing needs. 


  • 48 facilities operated by tribal authorities, 20 operated by the BIA, and 1 privately operated facility were supervising offenders in Indian country. The 69 facilities had the capacity to hold 2,118 offenders.
  • Indian country facilities held 1,621 inmates in custody, and supervised 72 offenders in the community on June 30, 1999. The number of offenders under supervision increased by 8% from the previous year.
  • In a 1-month period, June 1-30, 1999, facilities in Indian country admitted 8,147 offenders, and discharged 7,744 offenders.

Part of the Jails in Indian Country Series

Press Release
PDF (750K)
ASCII file (31K)
Spreadsheet (Zip format 119K)
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