BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

Home  |  About Us  |  Contact Us  |  Help  |  A-Z Topic List
 
 
Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Home  | Data Collections: Corrections
Data Collections: Corrections

1995 Survey of Adults on Probation (SAP)
This Bureau of Justice Statistics survey is the first nationally representative survey of probationers. The collection detailed information on the characteristics of probationers through a review of probationers' administrative records and personal interviews with probationers.

2006 Census of State Parole Supervising Agencies
The 2006 Census of State Parole Supervising Agencies collected data from parole supervising organizations about the organizational structure of the agencies, staffing, supervision levels of offenders, and whether the parole agency had a role in considering prisoners for release, setting the conditions of supervision, and conducting parole revocation hearings. This collection was conducted one time in 2006. The census was sent to 68 respondents, including 50 central state reporters, the California Youth Authority, and the District of Columbia. Sixteen local Minnesota Community Corrections Act agencies were asked to provide information on staffing and supervision not available from the state.

Annual Probation Survey and Annual Parole Survey
Collect data from probation and parole agencies in the U.S. on an annual basis. Data include the number of adults on state and federal probation and parole at the beginning and end of each year, the number of adults entering and exiting probation and parole supervision during the year, and the characteristics of adults under the supervision of probation and parole agencies.

Annual Survey of Jails
Collects data from a nationally representative sample of local jails on jail inmate populations, jail capacity, and related information.

Capital Punishment (NPS-8)
Provides an annual summary of inmates admitted to and removed from under sentence of death (including executions) and of statutes pertaining to capital punishment and annual changes to those statutes.

Census of Jail Inmates
Conducted approximately every five to seven years. Based on a complete enumeration of each jail jurisdiction, the census provides information on supervised populations, inmate counts and movements, and persons supervised in the community.

Census of Jails
Conducted approximately every five to seven years. Provides information on one-day counts and average daily populations of jurisdictions, staffing, programs, and individual jails.

Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities
Conducted approximately every five to seven years, the Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities provides detailed information on the types of inmates housed, facility age and type, building plans, security level, court orders, programs, facility operations and security conditions, confinement space, and staff characteristics.

Clinical Indicators of Sexual Violence in Custody (CISVC)
The CISVC is part of the Bureau Justice Statistics' National Prison Rape Statistics Program which gathers mandated data on the incidence prevalence of sexual assault in correctional facilities, under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108- 79). The CISVC is a passive surveillance system in which medical staff complete an incident form for each inmate exhibiting symptoms or injuries consistent with sexual violence.

Deaths in Custody Reporting Program (DCRP)
Collects inmate death records from each of the nation's 50 state prison systems and approximately 2,800 local jail jurisdictions. In addition, this program collects records of all deaths occurring during the process of arrest. Data are collected directly from state and local law enforcement agencies.

Federal Justice Statistics Program (FJSP)
Provides annual data on workload, activities, and outcomes associated with federal criminal cases. Information is acquired on all aspects of processing in the federal justice system, including the number of persons investigated, prosecuted, convicted, incarcerated, sentenced to probation, released pretrial, and under parole or other supervision; initial prosecution decisions, referrals to magistrates, court dispositions, sentencing outcomes, sentence length, and time served. The program collects data from the Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys (EOUSA), the Pretrial Services Agency (PSA), the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts (AO), the U.S. Sentencing Commission (USSC), and the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP).

Inventory of State and Federal Corrections Information Systems
Collected basic information on state and federal offender-based corrections information systems including a description of the capabilities of the information systems for producing data extracts, linking records, and exchanging information electronically. This was a one time collection conducted in 1998. The inventory was conducted by the Urban Institute with sponsorship from BJS, the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), and the Corrections Program Office (CPO), and with assistance from the State-Federal Committee of the Association of State Corrections Administrators (ASCA).

Justice Assistance Data Survey
The JADS collect detailed data for three justice functions (police protection, judicial and legal, and corrections) and for three character and object classes (current operations, capital outlay, and intergovernmental expenditure).

Justice Expenditure and Employment Extracts Series
Every year since 1980, BJS has extracted justice expenditure and employment data from the Census Bureau's Annual Government Finance Survey and Annual Survey of Public Employment.

National Corrections Reporting Program (NCRP)
The National Corrections Reporting Program (NCRP) collects offender-level administrative data annually on prison admissions and releases, and yearend custody populations, and on parole entries and discharges in participating jurisdictions.

National Former Prisoner Survey (NFPS)
The National Former Prisoner Survey (FPS) is the first Audio-Computer-Assisted Self Interview instrument administered to a sample of former prison inmates on active supervision to gather information on any experiences of sexual assault in the duration of their last incarceration.

National Inmate Survey (NIS)
The National Inmate Survey (NIS) is part of the BJS National Prison Rape Statistics Program that gathers mandated data on the incidence of prevalence of sexual assault in correctional facilities under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108- 79). Data are collected directly from inmates in a private setting using audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI) technology with a touch-screen laptop and an audio feed to maximize inmate confidentiality and minimize literacy issues.

National Prisoner Statistics (NPS) Program
Produces annual national and state-level data on the number of prisoners in state and federal prison facilities.

National Survey of Youth in Custody (NSYC)
The National Survey of Youth in Custody (NSYC) is part of the BJSs National Prison Rape Statistics Program to gather mandated data on the incidence and prevalence of sexual assault in juvenile facilities under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108-79). PREA requires a 10% sample of juvenile facilities to be listed by incidence of sexual assault. Data are collected directly from youth in a private setting using audio computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI) technology with a touchscreen laptop and an audio feed to maximize inmate confidentiality and minimize literacy issues.

Recidivism Survey of Felons on Probation
This collection gathered information on probation offenders sentenced in 1986 and followed through 1989 in 32 urban and suburban jurisdictions.

Recidivism of State Prisoners
BJS uses criminal history records to study the number and types of crimes committed by state prisoners both prior to and following their release.

Survey of Inmates in Federal Correctional Facilities (SIFCF)
A periodic survey based on personal interviews conducted with a sample of inmates in federal prisons. The surveys are broad in scope, collecting a wide range of data on the personal and criminal histories of offenders. Data from these surveys provides a nationally-representative profile of inmates in federal prisons over time.

Survey of Inmates in Local Jails (SILJ)
A periodic survey based on personal interviews conducted with a sample of inmates in local jails. The survey is broad in scope, collecting a wide range of data. The data from the survey provides a nationally-representative profile of inmates in local jails over time.

Survey of Inmates in State Correctional Facilities (SISCF)
A periodic survey based on personal interviews conducted with a sample of inmates in state prisons. The surveys are broad in scope, collecting a wide range of data on the personal and criminal histories of offenders. Data from these surveys provides a nationally-representative profile of inmates in state prisons over time.

Survey of Jails in Indian Country
Collects detailed information on confinement facilities, detention centers, jails, and other facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA).

Survey of Large Jails
The survey focused on critical issues related to jail operations and inmate management, information on offender flows through local jails, corresponding workloads, and jail programs and treatment.

Survey of Sexual Victimization (SSV)
The Survey of Sexual Violence (SSV) is part of BJS's National Prison Rape Statistics Program to gather mandated data on the incidence and of prevalence of sexual assault in correctional facilities, under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108-79).


Back to Top