BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Home  | Data Collection Detail

Data Collection: Justice Assistance Data Survey
Status: Active
Frequency: 1971-79, 1985, 1988, 1990, 1997, 2006 and 2010
Latest data available: 2010

This direct survey of governments collects detailed justice expenditure data. These data are the basis for calculating variable pass-through estimates needed to distribute the formula funds of the Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (Byrne JAG) Program administered by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. Less detailed annual expenditure and employment data are available in the Justice Expenditure and Employment Extracts series, which produces similar but not statistically comparable data. Comparability issues are described in appendix 2 of the 1992 Justice Expenditure and Employment Extracts report and in a text file provided with the zip archive for the 1993-99 and trends spreadsheets. Prior to 1997, this survey was called the Justice Expenditure and Employment Survey. It collected detailed employment data in addition to expenditure data.

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Data Experts

  • Tracey Kyckelhahn, Ph.D., Statistician, BJS
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    Collection Period

    1971-79, 1985, 1988, 1990, 1997, 2006, 2010

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    Documentation

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    Methodology

    In conjunction with the Justice Expenditure and Employment Statistics Program, BJS estimates the variable pass-through (VPT) data distributions by conducting the Justice Assistance Data Survey (JADS) periodically, most recently in 1997 and 2006. The VPT data are used in the Edward Byrne Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Programs authorized by the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988, as amended (Public Law 90-351) and sponsored by the Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The Byrne program helps tribal, state and local law enforcement and justice agencies to control and prevent violent and drug-related crimes. The Byrne program includes a discretionary grant program and a block grant program.

    According to Public Law 90-351, the formula for distributing block grant funds to the states is based on each state's percentage of the total U.S. population; the VPT data indicate how funds are to be distributed to state agencies compared to the localities within each state. The JADS collects detailed data for three justice functions (police protection, judicial and legal services, and corrections) and for three character and object classes (current operations, capital outlay, and intergovernmental expenditure).

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    Publications & Products

    The following publications and products were generated by BJS using data from this collection.

    Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program, 2013 Describes the steps used in the Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) formula calculation process and presents summary results of the FY 2013 formula calculations.
      PDF (971K) | ASCII file (31K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 7K)
    Part of the Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program Series

    Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program, 2011 Describes the steps used in the Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) formula calculation process and presents summary results of the FY 2011 formula calculations.
      PDF (750K) | ASCII file (20K) | Zip format (7K)
    Part of the Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program Series

    Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program, 2010 Describes the steps used in the JAG formula calculation process and presents summary results of the FY 2010 formula calculations.
      PDF (421K) | ASCII file (24K) | Zip format (5K)
    Part of the Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program Series

    Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program, 2005 Describes the steps used in the JAG formula calculation process and presents summary results of the FY 2005 formula calculations.
      PDF (537K) | ASCII file (15K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 6K)
    Part of the Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program Series

    State Corrections Expenditures - Direct Presents state government direct corrections expenditures for institutions and other corrections agencies for fiscal years 1982-99.
      Download CSV file (Spreadsheet 3K)


    Justice Variable Passthrough Data, 1997 Presents the variable passthrough (VPT) data used to calculate the amounts States distribute to their local governments under the Edward Byrne Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Programs.
      PDF (231K) | ASCII file (25K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 14K) | Codebooks and Datasets


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    Related Topics

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