BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Home  | Data Collection Detail

Data Collection: Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities
Status: Active
Frequency: 1974, 1979, 1984, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005.
Latest data available: 2005

Conducted approximately every five to seven years, the Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities provides detailed information on the types of inmates housed, facility age and type, building plans, security level, court orders, programs, facility operations and security conditions, confinement space, and staff characteristics. The Census furnishes the sampling frame for the nationwide Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities.

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Collection Period

1974, 1979, 1984, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005

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Questionnaires

Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities (CJ-43)
2005 PDF (155K) | 2000 PDF (169K)
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Documentation

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Methodology

The Census included prison and prison farms; reception, diagnostic and classification centers; facilities for parole violators; road and forestry correctional camps; facilities for youthful offenders, and  drug and alcohol treatment facilities. Jails, other local and regional detention facilities, and private facilities were excluded.

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Changes Over Time

The questionnaire is modified with each iteration to capture information on evolving issues in criminal justice and topics of greatest interest to users.

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Publications & Products

The following publications and products were generated by BJS using data from this collection.

Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 2005 Presents selected findings from the Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 2005. The report includes data on characteristics of facilities by type, size, security level, rated and design capacities, court orders, and use of private contractors.
  PDF (302K) | ASCII file (32K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 22K)
Part of the Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series

Number of inmates, employees, and inmate-to-staff ratios in correctional facilities under state or federal authority, June 30, 2000, and December 30, 2005 Appendix Table 14 from Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 2005
  Download CSV file (Data Table 7 KB)


Number of employees in correctional facilities under state or federal authority, by occupational category, December 30, 2005 Appendix Table 13 from Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 2005
  Download CSV file (Data Table 6 KB)


Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 2000 Provides information on facilities, inmates, programs, and staff of State and Federal correctional facilities throughout the Nation, and of private correctional facilities housing State or Federal inmates.
  PDF (733K) | ASCII file (47K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 168K) | Codebooks and Datasets | To order paper version
Part of the Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series

Profile of Nonviolent Offenders Exiting State Prisons Provides a description of the general characteristics of prison populations serving time for nonviolent crimes as they exit State prisons.
  PDF (528K) | ASCII file (5K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 8K) | Codebooks and Datasets


Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 1995 Provides information on facilities, inmates, programs and staff of State and Federal correctional facilities throughout the Nation.
  Press Release | Executive Summary (PDF 101K) | Executive Summary (ASCII file 11K) | Full Report (PDF 284K) | Full Report (ASCII file 125K) | Codebooks and Datasets
Part of the Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series

Drug Enforcement and Treatment in Prisons, 1990 Using data from the 1990 Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, this study examines how State and Federal correctional facilities week to stop the entry and use of illegal drugs.
  PDF
Part of the Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series

Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 1990 This publication presents data on the 1990 census of State correctional facilities including 250 community-based facilities that housed 2 percent of the Nation's prison population and 80 Federal prisons.
  PDF
Part of the Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series

Census of State Adult Correctional Facilities, 1984 This report presents data on facilities, inmates programs, staff, and expenditures for State-operated confinement and community-based correctional facilities throughout the Nation for fiscal year 1984.
  PDF
Part of the Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series

Census of State Adult Correctional Facilities, 1979 This document from the 1979 Census of Adult Correctional Facilities contains the variable description list and the codebook, as well as descriptions of the study, the file structure, processing information, and codebook information.
  PDF
Part of the Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series

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Related Topics

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