BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Home  | Data Collection Detail

Data Collection: Census of Jails
Status: Active
Frequency: 1970, 1972, 1978, 1983, 1988, 1993, 1999, 2002, 2005, 2006, and 2013
Latest data available: 2013

The 2013 Census of Jails is part of a series of data collections that study the nation's local jails. The 2013 census collected facility-level information on the number of confined and nonconfined inmates, number of inmates participating in weekend programs, number of confined non-U.S. citizens, number of confined inmates by sex and adult or juvenile status, number of juveniles held as adults, conviction and sentencing status, offense type, number of inmates held by race or Hispanic origin, number of inmates held for other jurisdictions or authorities, average daily population, rated capacity, number of admissions and releases, program participation for nonconfined inmates, operating expenditures, and staff by occupational category and race or Hispanic origin. To reduce respondent burden for the 2013 collection, the Census of Jails was combined with the Deaths in Custody Reporting Program (DCRP). The census provides the sampling frame for the nationwide Survey of Inmates in Local Jails (SILJ) and the Annual Survey of Jails (ASJ).

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Collection Period

2013

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Questionnaires

Annual Summary on Inmates Under Jail Jurisdiction CJ-9A
2013 PDF (160K)
Census of Jails (CJ-3)
2006 Census of Jail Facilities-Jurisdiction form (134K) | 1999 For jail jurisdictions with one or more jail facilities that share the same staff and budget (120K)
Facility Data (CJ-3A Addendum)
2006 Census of Jail Facilities-Facility form (110K) | 1999 For facility-level data on jail facilities listed in Section 1 of form CJ-3A (37K)
In Indian Country (CJ-3D)
1999 For jail facilities located in Indian Country (40K)
Jurisdiction Data (CJ-3A)
1999 For the central data reporter of jail jurisdictions with multiple jail facilities having separate staff and budgets (115K)
Multi-Jurisdiction Facility (CJ-3B)
1999 For jail facilities operated by two or more governments through cooperative agreements (121K)
Private Facility (CJ-3C)
1999 For jail facilities owned or operated by a private corporation (119K)
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Documentation

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Methodology

The 2013 Census of Jails gathered data from all jail detention facilities holding inmates beyond arraignment, a period normally exceeding 72 hours. Included in the census were 2,872 local jail jurisdictions (including 77 regional jails with 2 or more jail jurisdictions having a formal agreement to operate) made up of 3,163 city, county, or privately operated (39 facilities) jail facilities and 12 BOP facilities that functioned as jails. Excluded were combined jail and prison systems in Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and Vermont. The Census included 15 locally operated jails in Alaska.

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Changes Over Time

The questionnaire is modified with each iteration to capture information on evolving issues in criminal justice and topics of greatest interest to users.

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Publications & Products

The following publications and products were generated by BJS using data from this collection.

Correctional Populations in the United States, 2014 Presents statistics on persons supervised by adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2014, including offenders supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in state or federal prison or local jail.
  PDF (641K) | ASCII file (26K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 48K)
Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

Census of Jails: Population Changes, 1999–2013 Presents state-level estimates of the number of inmates confined in local jails at year end 2013, by sex, race, and Hispanic origin.
  Summary (PDF 234K) | PDF (994K) | ASCII file (35K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 23K)
Part of the Census of Jails Series

Correctional Populations in the United States, 2013 Presents statistics on offenders supervised by adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2013, including offenders supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in prison or local jail.
  Press Release | PDF (385K) | ASCII file (23K) | Comma-delimited format (CSV) (Zip format 36K)
Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

Correctional Populations in the United States, 2013 U.S. CORRECTIONAL POPULATION DECLINED BY LESS THAN 1 PERCENT FOR THE SECOND CONSECUTIVE YEAR
  Press Release
Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

Census of Jail Facilities, 2006 Presents findings from the ninth in a series of complete enumerations of local jails since 1970. The data include changes in the number of jurisdictions and facilities, functions, confined inmates, and inmate-to-staff ratios.
  PDF (823K) | ASCII file (45K) | Spreadsheets (Zip format 65K)
Part of the Census of Jails Series

Jail staff, by occupational category, midyear 1983,1988,1993, and 1999 Table 12 from Census of Jails 1999
  Download CSV file (Data Table 2 KB)


The number of inmates per jail employee, by occupational category and region, midyear 1983,1988,1993, and 1999 Table 14 from Census of Jails 1999
  Download CSV file (Data Table 2 KB)


Census of Jails, 1999 Presents facility characteristics and characteristics of persons under the jurisdiction of local and Federal jail authorities on June 30, 1999.
  PDF (381K) | ASCII file (58K) | Spreadsheet (Zip format 131K) | Codebooks and Datasets | To order paper version
Part of the Census of Jails Series

Correctional Populations in the United States, 1997 Presents data on the growing number of persons in the United States under some form of correctional supervision in 1997.
  Full Report (PDF 1.3M) | Full Report - Text only (ASCII file 36K) | Section 1. Trends in U.S. correctional populations (PDF 141K) | Section 1. Trends in U.S. correctional populations - Zip format (Spreadsheet 77K) | Section 2. Jail inmates in 1997 (PDF 122K) | Section 2. Jail inmates in 1997 - Zip format (Spreadsheet 22K) | Section 3. Probation in 1997 (PDF 200K) | Section 3. Probation in 1997 - Zip format (Spreadsheet 64K) | Section 4. Survey of State and Federal inmates, 1997 (PDF 160K) | Section 4. Survey of State and Federal inmates, 1997 - Zip format (Spreadsheet 78K) | Section 5. Prisoners in 1997 (PDF 507K) | Section 5. Prisoners in 1997 - Zip format (Spreadsheet 176K) | Section 6. Parole in 1997 (PDF 193K) | Section 6. Parole in 1997 - Zip format (Spreadsheet 49K) | Section 7. Capital Punishment in 1997 (PDF 373K) | Section 7. Capital Punishment in 1997 - Zip format (Spreadsheet 83K) | Section 8. U.S. military corrections in 1997 (PDF 134K) | Section 8. U.S. military corrections in 1997 - Zip format (Spreadsheet 27K) | Codebooks and Datasets
Part of the Correctional Populations in the United States Series

Criminal Justice Resources - 90 Most Populous Counties Selected crime data, as well as data on criminal justice resources and demographic variables, for the 90 most populous counties.
  Download CSV file (Spreadsheet 34K)


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Related Topics

  • Corrections
  • Corrections | Local jail inmates and jail facilities
  • Corrections | Local jail inmates and jail facilities | Jail inmate characteristics
  • Corrections | Local jail inmates and jail facilities | Local jail facility characteristics
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