BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
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1995 Survey of Adults on Probation (SAP)
This Bureau of Justice Statistics survey is the first nationally representative survey of probationers. The collection detailed information on the characteristics of probationers through a review of probationers' administrative records and personal interviews with probationers.

2006 Census of State Parole Supervising Agencies
The 2006 Census of State Parole Supervising Agencies collected data from parole supervising organizations about the organizational structure of the agencies, staffing, supervision levels of offenders, and whether the parole agency had a role in considering prisoners for release, setting the conditions of supervision, and conducting parole revocation hearings. This collection was conducted one time in 2006. The census was sent to 68 respondents, including 50 central state reporters, the California Youth Authority, and the District of Columbia. Sixteen local Minnesota Community Corrections Act agencies were asked to provide information on staffing and supervision not available from the state.

Annual Probation Survey and Annual Parole Survey
Collect data from probation and parole agencies in the U.S. on an annual basis. Data include the number of adults on state and federal probation and parole at the beginning and end of each year, the number of adults entering and exiting probation and parole supervision during the year, and the characteristics of adults under the supervision of probation and parole agencies.

Annual Survey of Jails
Collects data from a nationally representative sample of local jails on jail inmate populations, jail capacity, and related information.

Arrest-Related Deaths
The Arrest-Related Deaths (ARD) component of the Deaths in Custody Reporting Program (DCRP) is a national census of all manners of arrest-related deaths and included all civilian deaths that occurred during, or shortly after, state or local law enforcement personnel engaged in an arrest or restraint process.

Capital Punishment (NPS-8)
Provides an annual summary of inmates admitted to and removed from under sentence of death (including executions) and of statutes pertaining to capital punishment and annual changes to those statutes.

Census of Federal Law Enforcement Officers
Collects data from all federal law enforcement agencies with arrest and firearms authority. Data collected include the number of officers working in the areas of criminal investigation and law enforcement, police patrol and response, security and protection, court operations, and corrections, by agency and state.

Census of Jail Inmates
Conducted approximately every five to seven years. Based on a complete enumeration of each jail jurisdiction, the census provides information on supervised populations, inmate counts and movements, and persons supervised in the community.

Census of Jails
Conducted approximately every five to seven years. Provides information on one-day counts and average daily populations of jurisdictions, staffing, programs, and individual jails.

Census of Law Enforcement Aviation Units (CLEAU)
Collects data from all law enforcement agencies with 100 or more sworn officers that operate a fixed-wing aircraft or helicopter. Data collected includes the locations, available assets and range, personnel, expenditures, and functions of these units, as well as information related to the capabilities and resources that each could provide in the case of a national emergency.

Census of Law Enforcement Training Academies
Collects data on the number and types of staff employed at training facilities, budgets, sources of funds, number of officers trained, and policies and practices. In addition to basic organizational data, the survey collects information on training curriculum issues critical to current law enforcement policy development.

Census of Medical Examiner and Coroner (ME/C) Offices
Provides data on the personnel, budgets, and workload of medical examiner and coroner offices by type of office and size of jurisdiction. The census gathers information on the number of unidentified human decedents handled by these offices, record-keeping practices, and use of national databases for unidentified remains.

Census of Public Defender Offices (CPDO)
Provides data on the staffing, caseloads, expenditures, and standards and guidelines in state- and locally-funded public defender offices across the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Census of Publicly Funded Forensic Crime Laboratories
Provides a comprehensive look at the forensic services provided by federal, state, and local crime labs across the nation and the resources devoted to completing the work.

Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities
Conducted approximately every five to seven years, the Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities provides detailed information on the types of inmates housed, facility age and type, building plans, security level, court orders, programs, facility operations and security conditions, confinement space, and staff characteristics.

Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies
Provides data on all state and local law enforcement agencies operating nationwide. Data collected include the number of sworn and civilian personnel by state and type of agency, and functions performed by each agency.

Census of State Court Organization
Obtains comparative data on the organizational structure of the nation's trial and appellate state court systems, including information about courts and judges, judicial selection and service, administrative procedures, the jury, and court structure. Data collected through surveys mailed to state court administrators in all 50 states, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico.

Census of Tribal Justice Agencies in American Indian and Alaska Native Tribal Jurisdictions (CTJA02)
Provides detailed information gathered on tribal law enforcement agencies, tribal courts and services, and criminal record systems from the Census of Tribal Justice Agencies in American Indian Jurisdictions.

City-Level Survey of Crime Victimization and Citizen Attitudes
The Bureau Jutice Statistics in a joint effort with the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS,) conducted victimization surveys in 12 selected cities. The standard National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) instrument was used with questions about citizen perceptions of community policing and neighborhood issues.

Civil Justice Survey of State Courts (CJSSC)
Provides a general overview of tort, contract, and real property cases decided by a bench or jury trial in state general jurisdiction courts. Data include types of litigants, case type, outcome, award amounts, and post-trial activity.

Clinical Indicators of Sexual Violence in Custody (CISVC)
The CISVC is part of the Bureau Justice Statistics' National Prison Rape Statistics Program which gathers mandated data on the incidence prevalence of sexual assault in correctional facilities, under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108- 79). The CISVC is a passive surveillance system in which medical staff complete an incident form for each inmate exhibiting symptoms or injuries consistent with sexual violence.

Compendium of State Privacy and Security Legislation
References and classifies state legislation on privacy and security of state criminal history record information. Statutes are grouped into 29 categories and presented by classification and state. It is compiled every two years.

Court Statistics Project (CSP)
Provides a national authoritative and comparative source of information on the work and organization of trial court caseloads for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

Deaths in Custody Reporting Program (DCRP)
Collects inmate death records from each of the nation's 50 state prison systems and approximately 2,800 local jail jurisdictions. In addition, this program collects records of all deaths occurring during the process of arrest. Data are collected directly from state and local law enforcement agencies.

Emergency Room Statistics on Intentional Violence
Collects data on intentional injuries, such as domestic violence, rape, and child abuse, from a national sample of hospital emergency rooms. Through the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS), information is obtained on characteristics of the victim and offender, victim-offender relationship, alcohol/drug involvement in the incident, and circumstances of the injury.

Federal Justice Statistics Program (FJSP)
Provides annual data on workload, activities, and outcomes associated with federal criminal cases. Information is acquired on all aspects of processing in the federal justice system, including the number of persons investigated, prosecuted, convicted, incarcerated, sentenced to probation, released pretrial, and under parole or other supervision; initial prosecution decisions, referrals to magistrates, court dispositions, sentencing outcomes, sentence length, and time served. The program collects data from the Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys (EOUSA), the Pretrial Services Agency (PSA), the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts (AO), the U.S. Sentencing Commission (USSC), and the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP).

Firearm Inquiry Statistics (FIST) Program
Designed to collect annual data describing the number of inquiries made in connection with presale handgun checks and the number and basis for rejection of such inquiries. Data are collected directly from state agencies conducting background checks and from local checking agencies and include the number of firearm applications made to the agency, firearm applications rejected by the agency, and the reasons for rejection. Data collection procedures are adjusted to reflect the differing presale check procedures under the permanent system (which became effective on 11/30/98) and the interim period (02/28/94 - 11/29/98).

Inventory of State and Federal Corrections Information Systems
Collected basic information on state and federal offender-based corrections information systems including a description of the capabilities of the information systems for producing data extracts, linking records, and exchanging information electronically. This was a one time collection conducted in 1998. The inventory was conducted by the Urban Institute with sponsorship from BJS, the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), and the Corrections Program Office (CPO), and with assistance from the State-Federal Committee of the Association of State Corrections Administrators (ASCA).

Justice Assistance Data Survey
The JADS collect detailed data for three justice functions (police protection, judicial and legal, and corrections) and for three character and object classes (current operations, capital outlay, and intergovernmental expenditure).

Justice Expenditure and Employment Extracts Series
Every year since 1980, BJS has extracted justice expenditure and employment data from the Census Bureau's Annual Government Finance Survey and Annual Survey of Public Employment.

Juveniles in Criminal Court
Dataset from 40 urban counties used to describe the characteristics of more than 7,000 juveniles charged with felonies in State courts. The findings indicated that prosecution of juveniles in criminal court is generally reserved for those charged with the quite serious crimes of murder, robbery, and aggravated assault.

Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS)
Conducted periodically since 1987, LEMAS collects data from over 3,000 general purpose state and local law enforcement agencies, including all those that employ 100 or more sworn officers and a nationally representative sample of smaller agencies.

National Census of State Court Prosecutors
Obtains basic information from a nationally representative sample census of prosecutors' offices that litigate felony cases in State courts. Focus on staffing and operations data, including the use of innovative prosecution techniques, intermediate sanctions, juvenile cases transferred to criminal court, actions against prosecutors and other professional staff, and work-related assaults and threats.

National Computer Security Survey (NCSS)
The goal of NCSS is to produce reliable national and industry-level estimates of the prevalence of computer security incidents (such as denial of service attacks, fraud, or theft of information) against businesses and the resulting losses incurred by businesses. The first national survey of thousands of businesses is being conducted in 2006. It is cosponsored by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the National Cyber Security Division (NCSD) of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. The RAND Corporation is the data collection agent.

National Corrections Reporting Program (NCRP)
The National Corrections Reporting Program (NCRP) collects offender-level administrative data annually on prison admissions and releases, and yearend custody populations, and on parole entries and discharges in participating jurisdictions.

National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)
NCVS is the nation's primary source of information on criminal victimization. Each year, data are obtained from a nationally representative sample of about 90,000 households, comprising nearly 160,000 persons, on the frequency, characteristics, and consequences of criminal victimization in the United States. Each household is interviewed twice during the year. The survey enables BJS to estimate the likelihood of victimization by rape or sexual assault, robbery, aggravated and simple assault, theft, household burglary, and motor vehicle theft for the population as a whole as well as for segments of the population such as women, the elderly, members of various racial or ethnic groups, city dwellers, and other groups. The NCVS provides the largest national forum for victims to describe the impact of crime and characteristics of violent offenders.

National Former Prisoner Survey (NFPS)
The National Former Prisoner Survey (FPS) is the first Audio-Computer-Assisted Self Interview instrument administered to a sample of former prison inmates on active supervision to gather information on any experiences of sexual assault in the duration of their last incarceration.

National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)
Since 1929, the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program has collected information about crimes known to the law enforcement and arrests.

National Inmate Survey (NIS)
The National Inmate Survey (NIS) is part of the BJS National Prison Rape Statistics Program that gathers mandated data on the incidence of prevalence of sexual assault in correctional facilities under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108- 79). Data are collected directly from inmates in a private setting using audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI) technology with a touch-screen laptop and an audio feed to maximize inmate confidentiality and minimize literacy issues.

National Judicial Reporting Program (NJRP)
This data collection provides detailed information on felony sentencing from a nationally representative stratified sample of state courts in 300 counties.

National Prisoner Statistics (NPS) Program
Produces annual national and state-level data on the number of prisoners in state and federal prison facilities.

National Survey of DNA Crime Laboratories
Provides national data on publicly operated forensic crime laboratories that perform DNA analyses. Data are collected on personnel, budgets, workloads, equipment, procedures, policies, and data processing. BJS first surveyed forensic crime laboratories in 1998, focusing solely on agencies that performed DNA analysis. The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) funded the 1998 study as part of a DNA Laboratory Improvement Program.

National Survey of Indigent Defense Systems
Conducted during 1999–2000, this survey represented the first systematic study of indigent criminal defense services by BJS since the 1980s.

National Survey of Youth in Custody (NSYC)
The National Survey of Youth in Custody (NSYC) is part of the BJSs National Prison Rape Statistics Program to gather mandated data on the incidence and prevalence of sexual assault in juvenile facilities under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108-79). PREA requires a 10% sample of juvenile facilities to be listed by incidence of sexual assault. Data are collected directly from youth in a private setting using audio computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI) technology with a touchscreen laptop and an audio feed to maximize inmate confidentiality and minimize literacy issues.

NICS Act State Record Estimates
Annual collection of estimated available state and local records, and other information pursuant to the NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 2007 (Pub. L. 110-180). Estimates are collected of records pertaining to persons prohibited from purchasing or possessing a firearm under the Federal Gun Control Act of 1968, as amended, 18 U.S.C. 921 et. seq.

Police-Public Contact Survey (PPCS)
Provides detailed information on the characteristics of persons who had some type of contact with police during the year, including those who contacted the police to report a crime or were pulled over in a traffic stop. The PPCS interviews a nationally representative sample of residents age 16 or older as a supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey. The survey enables BJS to examine the perceptions of police behavior and response during these encounters.

Recidivism of State Prisoners
BJS uses criminal history records to study the number and types of crimes committed by state prisoners both prior to and following their release.

Recidivism Survey of Felons on Probation
This collection gathered information on probation offenders sentenced in 1986 and followed through 1989 in 32 urban and suburban jurisdictions.

State Court Processing Statistics (SCPS)
Provides data on the criminal justice processing of persons charged with felonies in 40 jurisdictions representative of the 75 largest counties.

State Police Traffic Stop Data Collection Procedures
Collected data from state law enforcement agencies with traffic patrol responsibility about their policies for recording race and ethnicity data for persons in traffic stops. Basic information was obtained on the circumstances under which demographic data were collected for traffic-related stops and whether this information was stored in an electronically accessible format. The data collection was not designed to obtain available agency databases containing traffic-stop records.

Supplemental Survey of Civil Appeals
Presents information on general civil cases conclude by trial that were subsequently appealed to a States intermediate appellate court or court of last resort. Data collected from approximately 65 intermediate and last resort appellate courts in 36 states, to include case-level data as well as court-level data that will be used to describe appellate court characteristics.

Survey of Campus Law Enforcement Agencies
Provides data describing campus law enforcement agencies serving U.S. 4-year universities or colleges with 2,500 or more students, and 2-year colleges serving 10,000 or more students. Data are collected on agency personnel, expenditures and pay, operations, equipment, computers and information systems, policies, and special programs.

Survey of Inmates in Federal Correctional Facilities (SIFCF)
A periodic survey based on personal interviews conducted with a sample of inmates in federal prisons. The surveys are broad in scope, collecting a wide range of data on the personal and criminal histories of offenders. Data from these surveys provides a nationally-representative profile of inmates in federal prisons over time.

Survey of Inmates in Local Jails (SILJ)
A periodic survey based on personal interviews conducted with a sample of inmates in local jails. The survey is broad in scope, collecting a wide range of data. The data from the survey provides a nationally-representative profile of inmates in local jails over time.

Survey of Inmates in State Correctional Facilities (SISCF)
A periodic survey based on personal interviews conducted with a sample of inmates in state prisons. The surveys are broad in scope, collecting a wide range of data on the personal and criminal histories of offenders. Data from these surveys provides a nationally-representative profile of inmates in state prisons over time.

Survey of Jails in Indian Country
Collects detailed information on confinement facilities, detention centers, jails, and other facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA).

Survey of Large Jails
The survey focused on critical issues related to jail operations and inmate management, information on offender flows through local jails, corresponding workloads, and jail programs and treatment.

Survey of Law Enforcement Gang Units (SLEGU)
Provides data from all law enforcement agencies with 100 or more sworn officers and at least one officer dedicated primarily to the problem of gang activity. Data are collected on gang unit demographics, selection criteria, training, operations, and workload, as well as summary measures of gang activity.

Survey of Sexual Victimization (SSV)
The Survey of Sexual Violence (SSV) is part of BJS's National Prison Rape Statistics Program to gather mandated data on the incidence and of prevalence of sexual assault in correctional facilities, under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108-79).

Survey of State Criminal History Information Systems
Collects data used as the basis for estimating the percentage of total state records that are immediately available through the FBI's Interstate Identification Index (III) and the percentage that include dispositions. Other data collected include the number of records maintained by each state, the percentage of automated records in the system, and the number of states participating in the FBI's III.

Survey of State Procedures Related to Firearm Sales
Collects data about the state laws, regulations, procedures, and information systems related to sales and other transfers of firearms that were in effect as of June 30 of the collection year. These data were collected from hundreds of federal, state, and local agencies, including law enforcement organizations, statistical analysis centers, and legislative research bureaus. 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004


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