BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Home  |  Reentry Trends in the U.S.
Reentry Trends in the U.S.

Federal supervised release

During 2000, 99,300 offenders convicted of a Federal offense were on community supervision

  • The success rate of offenders discharged from Federal supervised release in 2000 was 64% compared to 55% among those discharged from Federal parole

  • Federal Supervised Release established by the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 (SRA), is a term of conditional community supervision set by the court at the time of sentencing. The SRA also abolished release by a parole board, required a determinate sentence term, and limited the amount of good time that can be credited toward the sentence.

  • Nearly all prisoners (approximately 93%) released from Federal prison in 2000 were subject to the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984.

  • During 2000 the Federal Bureau of Prisons received 49,678 inmates from U.S. district courts; an additional 15,240 inmates were received from other sources such as supervision violations; 55,876 inmates were released. As of September 30, 2000, 129,329 sentenced offenders were under the jurisdiction of the Federal Bureau of Prisons.

  • Offenders entering Federal prison during 2000 could expect to serve about 87% of the sentence imposed, compared to 58% for those who entered during 1986. Time to be served by those entering Federal prison increased to 44 months for those entering during 2000 from 27 months for those entering during 1988.

  • During 2000, almost two-thirds of Federal offenders on community supervision were serving a term of supervised release; 31% were serving a term of probation; and 5% were serving a term of parole on a sentence that was not imposed pursuant to the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984.

BJS Sources:
Compendium of Federal Justice Statistics, 2000, August, 2002
Federal Criminal Case Processing, 2000, November, 2001
Federal Drug Offenders, 1999 with Trends 1984-99, August, 2001
Federal Offenders under Community Supervision, 1987-96, September, 1998
Offenders Returning to Federal Prison, 1986-97, September, 2000
Time Served in Prison by Federal Offenders, 1986-97, June, 1999


Related information

From BJS

Topical pages

From the Office of Justice Programs

Serious and violent offender reentry initiative
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