BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Home  |  Reentry Trends in the U.S.
Reentry Trends in the U.S.

Entries to state parole

The number of state parole entries grew at an average annual rate of 1.9% from 1990 to 2002

  • During 2002, there were 436,306 entries to state parole, a 25% increase over the number that entered parole in 1990. However, the number of entries in 2002 declined by nearly 10,000 from 2001.

  • Among those entering parole, the percentage who had been re-released from state prison rose from 27% in 1990 to 45% in 1999.

  • Re-releases are persons leaving prison after having served time either for a violation of parole or other conditional release or for a new offense committed while under parole supervision.

  • Among parole entries in 1999, 35% had been convicted of a drug offense (up from 27% in 1990).

  • The average age of parole entries increased from 31 years in 1990 to 34 years in 1999. In 1999, an estimated 109,300 state prisoners age 40 or older were paroled - 26% of all entries to parole. This was more than double the number that entered parole among that age group in 1990.

BJS Sources:
Probation and Parole in the United States, 2002, August, 2003
Trends in State Parole, 1990-2000, October, 2001.


Related information

From BJS

Topical pages

From the Office of Justice Programs

Serious and violent offender reentry initiative
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