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State Court Sentencing of Convicted Felons, 2004 - Statistical Tables
Felony Sentences in State Court

 

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Table 1.3. Mean and median felony sentence lengths in State courts, by offense and type of sentence, 2004
Most serious
conviction offense
Maximum sentence length (in months)
for felons sentenced to --

Incarceration    

Probation
Total Prison Jail

Mean        
  All offenses 37 mo 57 mo 6 mo 38 mo
Violent offenses 68 mo 92 mo 7 mo 44 mo
  Murder/a 232   241   10   61  
  Sexual assault/b 93   116   9   53  
    Rape 123   154   8   70  
    Other sexual assault 72   90   9   48  
  Robbery 86   100   10   53  
  Aggravated assault 41   61   7   40  
  Other violent/c 38   59   7   41  
Property offenses 29 mo 45 mo 6 mo 38 mo
  Burglary 40   56   7   42  
  Larceny/d 21   35   6   36  
    Motor vehicle theft 17   29   6   39  
  Fraud/e 26   42   6   36  
Drug offenses 31 mo 51 mo 6 mo 38 mo
  Possession 23   37   5   37  
  Trafficking 37   60   7   38  
Weapon offenses 32 mo 47 mo 7 mo 34 mo
Other offenses/f 24 mo 41 mo 6 mo 38 mo
                 
Median                
  All offenses 18 mo 36 mo 6 mo 36 mo
Violent offenses 36 mo 60 mo 6 mo 36 mo
  Murder/a 240   243   12   60  
  Sexual assault/b 60   72   8   36  
    Rape 72   96   7   60  
    Other sexual assault 48   60   9   36  
  Robbery 60   72   10   60  
  Aggravated assault 24   40   6   36  
  Other violent/c 18   36   6   36  
Property offenses 14 mo 31 mo 6 mo 36 mo
  Burglary 24   36   6   36  
  Larceny/d 12   24   6   36  
    Motor vehicle theft 12   24   6   36  
  Fraud/e 12   24   5   36  
Drug offenses 13 mo 36 mo 5 mo 36 mo
  Possession 12   24   4   36  
  Trafficking 18   42   6   36  
Weapon offenses 23 mo 36 mo 6 mo 24 mo
Other offenses/f 12 mo 30 mo 5 mo 36 mo

Note: For persons receiving a combination of sentences, the sentence designation came from the most severe penalty imposed -- prison being the most severe, followed by jail, then probation. In this table "probation" is defined as straight probation. For persons receiving a combination of sentences, the sentence designation came from the most severe penalty imposed -- prison being the most severe, followed by jail, then probation. In this table "probation" is defined as straight probation. Means exclude sentences to death or to life in prison. This table is based on an estimated 964,861 cases.
a/Includes nonnegligent manslaughter.
b/Includes rape.
c/Includes offenses such as negligent manslaughter and kidnapping.
d/Includes motor vehicle theft.
e/Includes forgery and embezzlement.
f/Composed of nonviolent offenses such as receiving stolen property and vandalism.


Source: National Judicial Reporting Program
     See also Methodology

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