BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Medical Problems of Prisoners

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Table 2. Medical problems reported by prison inmates by gender and age, 2004

Current medical problem    All    inmates Gender   Age


Male Female     24 or     younger 25-34 35-44 45 or older

State inmates                              
  Arthritis 15.3 % 14.6 % 24.5 %   5.4 % 8.6 % 17.4 % 32.6 %
  Asthma 9.1   8.4   19.2     10.1   9.1   8.3   9.6  
  Cancer 0.9   0.8   2.4     0.1   0.3   0.6   2.8  
  Diabetes 4.0   3.9   5.5     0.4   1.5   4.1   11.3  
  Heart problems 6.1   5.9   9.0     2.7   4.1   5.7   13.3  
  Hypertension 13.8   13.6   16.8     3.4   8.0   15.4   30.6  
  Kidney problems 3.2   2.9   6.9     1.5   2.2   3.6   5.7  
  Liver problems 1.1   1.1   1.3     0.1   0.4   1.4   2.9  
  Paralysis 1.4   1.4   1.4     0.5   1.0   1.8   2.4  
  Stroke 2.6   2.5   3.7     1.3   1.7   3.1   4.6  
  Hepatitis 5.3   5.0   9.5     0.9   2.4   6.8   11.7  
  HIV 1.6   1.6   1.9     0.3   0.8   2.5   2.6  
  Sexually transmitted disease 0.8   0.7   2.0     0.6   0.7   1.1   0.7  
  Tuberculosis* 9.4   9.6   6.1     4.0   6.5   11.5   15.8  
Federal inmates                              
  Arthritis 12.4 % 11.5 % 23.8 %   3.8 % 5.7 % 10.8 % 28.3 %
  Asthma 7.2   6.7   13.7     10.5   5.5   7.9   7.8  
  Cancer 0.6   0.6   1.0     0.0   0.1   0.4   2.0  
  Diabetes 5.1   5.0   6.9     0.7   2.0   4.2   12.9  
  Heart problems 6.0   5.7   10.0     2.2   3.9   4.4   12.8  
  Hypertension 13.2   12.6   20.7     2.1   7.5   11.5   28.4  
  Kidney problems 3.1   2.8   6.9     1.8   2.1   2.7   5.5  
  Liver problems 1.1   1.1   1.1     0.0   0.3   1.2   2.9  
  Paralysis 1.6   1.6   1.5     0.2   1.6   1.3   2.6  
  Stroke 1.7   1.6   2.9     0.1   1.1   1.5   3.7  
  Hepatitis 4.2   4.2   4.5     0.0   1.9   5.6   7.9  
  HIV 1.0   1.0   1.4     0.7   0.4   1.9   1.1  
  Sexually transmitted disease 0.4   0.4   0.4     0.5   0.5   0.5   0.2  
  Tuberculosis* 7.1   7.2   6.2     2.7   5.7   8.0   10.1  

*Includes all inmates who reported ever having TB.


Source: Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 2004.
  See also Methodology.
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