BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Federal Justice Statistics, 2005 - Statistical Tables

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Table 5.4. Average incarceration sentence lengths imposed, by offense and offender characteristics, October 1, 2004 - September 30, 2005

Offender characteristic Mean sentence length for offenders convicted of —

All offenses* Felonies Misdemeanors

Violent offenses Property offenses Public-order offenses


Fraudulent Other Drug offenses Regulatory Other Weapon offenses Immigration offenses

  All offenders* 61.1 mo 100.8 mo 25.8 mo 34.1 mo 85.8 mo 33.1 mo 55.7 mo 83.1 mo 25.7 mo 5.4 mo
Gender                                        
  Male 62.6 mo 104.1 mo 26.2 mo 35.7 mo 88.8 mo 34.8 mo 58.6 mo 83.4 mo 26.2 mo 5.7 mo
  Female 38.2   58.0   20.7   20.3   54.0   18.2   30.3 mo 55.9   17.7 mo 4.3  
Race                                        
  White 49.3 mo 103.5 mo 24.8 mo 32.8 mo 71.3 mo 27.8 mo 54.2 mo 70.0 mo 25.8 mo 5.5 mo
  Black/African American 91.6   119.2   25.8   36.8   113.7   59.4   60.0   94.8   28.9   6.5  
  American Indian/Alaska Native 62.1   69.8   17.1   21.3   68.1   ^   28.0   91.5   18.3   5.3  
  Asian/Native Hawaiian
/Other Pacific Islander
53.3   74.0   24.3   26.1   76.1   37.8   47.2   61.9   20.0   5.1  
  Other 57.1   ^   26.7   ...   71.7   ^   ^   81.5   26.5   ^  
Hispanic origin                                        
  Hispanic/Latino 44.1 mo 91.0 mo 19.7 mo 27.4 mo 70.5 mo 28.2 mo 43.6 mo 68.5 mo 26.1 mo 5.4 mo
  Non-Hispanic/Latino 75.2   101.8   26.1   33.4   96.1   36.4   58.5   85.2   22.1   6.0  
Age                                        
  16-18 26.3 mo 57.6 mo ^   ^   32.8 mo ^   ^   ^   16 mo 4.1 mo
  19-20 42.3   87.3   16.4 mo 23 mo 47.7   ^   65.6 mo 61.7 mo 15.3   5.4  
  21-30 60.4   89.0   19.4 mo 28 mo 82.3   31.0 mo 55.3   79.2   22.2   6.2  
  31-40 62.6   106.3   24.3 mo 30.2 mo 91.6   32.4   54.8   89.8   28.4   5.8  
  41 or over 60.4   112.8   29.4 mo 40.3 mo 86.2   35.3   54.6   85.3   29.6   5.8  
Citizenship                                        
  U.S. citizen 73.5 mo 100.4 mo 26.4 mo 32.5 mo 91.1 mo 34.4 mo 55.3 mo 84.0 mo 19.4 mo 6.4 mo
  Not U.S. citizen 39.9   98.5   20.1   34.9   69.3   28.9   55.5   66.8   26.5   5.1  
Education                                        
  Less than high school graduate 57.7 mo 96.9 mo 21.6 mo 30.9 mo 82.6 mo 26.8 mo 55.9 mo 81.5 mo 26.7 mo 6.1 mo
  High school graduate 72.2   101.7   24.1   32.8   91.2   35.5   56.3   84.3   27.3   6.8  
  Some college 61.6   100.5   26.1   33.3   80.4   33.4   55.6   84.8   24.0   5.1  
  College graduate 47.9   117.4   31.0   40.4   66.9   37.3   54.2   55.4   23.3   6.5  
Criminal record                                        
  No convictions 48.2 mo 82.4 mo 22.7 mo 35.7 mo 61.3 mo 32.8 mo 49.9 mo 69.1 mo 15.3 mo 5.6 mo
  Prior adult convictions 65.2   108   27.0   31.5   99.5   32.3 mo 61.4   84.3   27.7   5.5  

Note: By definition, corporations are excluded from the offender characteristics reported.
Excludes life sentences, and indeterminate sentences. Includes prison portion of
split or mixed sentences.
...No cases of this type occurred in the data.
^Too few cases to obtain statistically reliable data.
* Includes corporations and offenders for whom offense or characteristics are unknown.

Source: Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts Criminal Master File, fiscal year.
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