BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
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Crime and Justice in the United States
and in England and Wales, 1981-96

References

Ayres, M. (1997) Personal communication.

Barclay, G. C. (1993) Personal communication.

Beck, A. J., and T. Hester (1986) Prison Admissions and Releases, 1983.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-100582).

Beck, A. J., S. A. Kline, and L. A. Greenfeld (1988) Survey of Youth in Custody, 1987.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-113365).

Biderman, A. D., and J. P. Lynch (1991) Understanding Crime Incidence Statistics.
New York: Springer-Verlag.

Brown, J. M., and others (1996) Correctional Populations in the United States, 1994.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-160091).

BJS (1983) Prisoners in State and Federal Institutions on December 31, 1981.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-86485).

BJS (1986) Prisoners in State and Federal Institutions on December 31, 1983.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-99861).

BJS (1991) Correctional Populations in the United States, 1988.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-124280).

BJS (1992a) Criminal Victimization in the United States, 1990.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-130234).

BJS (1992b) Federal Criminal Case Processing, 1980-90.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-136945).

BJS (1993) Federal Criminal Case Processing, 1982-91.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-144526).

BJS (1996) Federal Criminal Case Processing, 1982-93.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-160088).

BJS (1997) Criminal Victimization in the United States, 1994.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-158022).

BJS (forthcoming) National Corrections Reporting Program, 1994.
Washington, DC: BJS.

Blumstein, Alfred, and others, eds. (1986) Criminal Careers and "Career Criminals."
Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Bureau of the Census (1994) Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1994.
Washington, DC: Bureau of the Census.

Bureau of the Census (1996) Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1996.
Washington, DC: Bureau of the Census.

Burns, B. (1996) Personal communication.

Butts, J. A. (1996) Personal communication.

Butts, J. A., and others (1996) Juvenile Court Statistics, 1994.
Washington, DC: OJJDP.

Carlisle Committee (1988) The Parole System in England and Wales.
London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Cohen, R. L. (1997) Personal communication.

DeComo, R., and others (1995) Juveniles Taken Into Custody, Fiscal Year 1992.
Washington, DC: OJJDP.

Farrington, D.P. (1989) Self-reported and official offending from adolescence to adulthood.
In M.W. Klein, ed., Cross-National Research in Self-reported Crime and Delinquency.
Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer.

Farrington, D. P. (1992) Trends in English juvenile delinquency and their explanation.
International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, 16, 151-163.

Farrington, D. P., and P. A. Langan (1992) Changes in crime and punishment in England
and America in the 1980s. Justice Quarterly, 9, 5-46.

Farrington, D. P., P. A. Langan, and P. O. Wikstrom (1994) Changes in crime and
punishment in America, England and Sweden between the 1980s and the 1990s.
Studies on Crime and Crime Prevention, 3, 104-131.

Federal Bureau of Investigation (1982) Crime in the United States, 1981.
Washington, DC: FBI.

Federal Bureau of Investigation (1989) Crime in the United States, 1988.
Washington, DC: FBI.

Federal Bureau of Investigation (1995) Crime in the United States, 1994.
Washington, DC: FBI.

Federal Bureau of Investigation (1996) Crime in the United States, 1995.
Washington, DC: FBI.

Federal Bureau of Investigation (1997) Crime in the United States, 1996.
Washington, DC: FBI.

Grace, S., C. Lloyd, and L. J. F. Smith (1992) Rape: From Recording to Conviction.
London: Home Office.

Greenfeld, L. A., and S. Minor-Harper (1984) Prison Admissions and Releases, 1981.
Washington, DC: BJS.

Home Office (1985) The Cautioning of Offenders (Circular No. 14/1985).
London: Home Office.

Home Office (1987) Prison Statistics, England and Wales, 1986.
London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Home Office (1988) Punishment, Custody and the Community.
London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Home Office (1990a) Crime, Justice and Protecting the Public.
London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Home Office (1990b) The Cautioning of Offenders (Circular No. 59/1990).
London: Home Office.

Home Office (1993) Criminal Statistics, England and Wales, 1991.
London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Home Office (1996a) Criminal Statistics, England and Wales, 1995.
London: The Stationery Office.

Home Office (1996b) Criminal Statistics, England and Wales, Supplementary Tables, 1995 (4 volumes). London: Government Statistical Service.

Home Office (1997) Criminal Statistics, England and Wales, 1996.
London: The Stationery Office.

Hough, M., and P. Mayhew (1983) The British Crime Survey: First Report.
London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Irving, B. L., and I. K. MacKenzie (1989) Police Interrogation.
London: Police Foundation.

Jarvis, J. (1994) Personal communication.

Kirby, T., and J. Cusick (1993) Howard's hard line wins public backing.
The Independent (November 30).

Langan, P. A. (1989) Felony Sentences in State Courts, 1986.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-115210).

Langan, P. A. (1996) Felony Sentences in the United States, 1992.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-153257).

Langan, P. A., and J. M. Brown (1997a) Felony Sentences in State Courts, 1994.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-163391).

Langan, P. A., and J. M. Brown (1997b) Felony Sentences in the United States, 1994. Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-165149).

Langan, P. A., and J. M. Dawson (1990) Felony Sentences in State Courts, 1988.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-126923).

Langan, P. A., and J. M. Dawson (1993) Felony Sentences in State Courts, 1990.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-140186).

Langan, P. A., and H. A. Graziadei (1995)Felony Sentences in State Courts, 1992.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-151167).

Langan, P. A., C. A. Perkins, and J. M. Chaiken (1994) Felony Sentences in the
United States, 1990
. Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-149077).

Loeber, R., and D. P. Farrington, eds. (1998) Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders:
Risk Factors and Successful Interventions
, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Lynch, J. P., and others (1994) Profile of Inmates in the United States and in England
and Wales, 1991
. Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-145863).

Mayhew, P. (1996) Personal communication.

Mayhew, P. (1997) Personal communication.

Mayhew, P., N. A. Maung, and C. Mirrlees-Black (1993) The 1992 British Crime Survey.
London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Mayhew, P., and J. J. M. van Dijk (1997) Criminal Victimization in Eleven
Industrialized Countries
. The Netherlands: WODC.

McDonald, D. C., and K. E. Carlson (1992) Federal Sentencing in Transition, 1986-90.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-134727).

Minor-Harper, S., and L. A. Greenfeld (1985) Prison Admissions and Releases, 1982.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-97995).

Minor-Harper, S., and C. A. Innes (1987) Time Served in Prison and on Parole, 1984.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-108544).

Mirrlees-Black, C. (1996) Personal communication.

Mirrlees-Black, C., P. Mayhew, and A. Percy (1996) The 1996 British Crime Survey.
London: Home Office Statistical Bulletin (1996).

Office for National Statistics (1996) Estimated Resident Population at Mid-Year by Sex
and Single Year of Age, England and Wales, 1981-95
. London: Office for National Statistics.

Percy, A. (1998) Personal communication.

Perkins, C. (1992) National Corrections Reporting Program, 1986.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-132291).

Perkins, C. (1993) National Corrections Reporting Program, 1990.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-141879).

Perkins, C. (1994) National Corrections Reporting Program, 1992.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-145862).

Perkins, C., and D. K. Gilliard (1992) National Corrections Reporting Program, 1988.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-134929).

Perkins, C. A., and others (1996) Criminal Victimization in the United States, 1993.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-151657).

Petersilia, J., S. Turner, and J. Peterson (1986) Prison Versus Probation in California.
Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation.

Rand, M. R., J. P. Lynch, and D. Cantor (1997) Criminal Victimization, 1973-95.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-163069).

Reaves, B. A. (1998) Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties, 1994.
Washington, DC: BJS (NCJ-167324).

Sabol, W. (1997) Personal communication.

Snyder, H. N. (1995) Personal communication.

Snyder, H. N., T. A. Finnegan, and J. L. Hutzler (1983) Delinquency, 1981.
Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.

Wilson, J. Q. (1997) Criminal justice in England and America.
The Public Interest, 126, 3-14.


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