BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

Home  |  About Us  |  Contact Us  |  Help  |  A-Z Topic List
 
 
Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Home  |  Publications & Products

Crime and Justice in the United States
and in England and Wales, 1981-96

Racial disparities in incarceration

In the United States, the incarceration rate of blacks is six times the incarceration rate of whites. Is racial disparity markedly worse in the United States than in England?

  • Racial disparity is no worse in the United States than in England (including Wales).

    In the United States in 1991--

    • of the 160.8 million white adults, approximately 636,000 were incarcerated in a local jail, a State prison, or a Federal prison on any given day, or 396 per 100,000 population
    • of the 20.6 million black adults, about 528,000 were incarcerated, or 2,563 per 100,000 population
    • of the 5.6 million adults of other races, roughly 36,000 were incarcerated, or 643 per 100,000 population.

    In England in 1991 --

    • of the 36.7 million white adults, approximately 37,600 were incarcerated on any given day, or 102 per 100,000 population
    • of the roughly three-quarter million black adults, about 5,000 were incarcerated, or 667 per 100,000 population
    • of the 1.2 million adults of other races, an estimated 2,800 were incarcerated, or 233 per 100,000 population.

    In 1991 --

    • the black incarceration rate was approximately six times the white incarceration rate in both England and the United States
    • the incarceration rate for persons of other races was roughly two times the white incarceration rate in both England and the United States.


    Previous Contents Next


  • Back to Top