Notes on figures 1-4: National surveys of crime victimization provided the data for the graphics. U.S. surveys involve interviews with persons age 12 or older; English surveys, age 16 or older. The first U.S. survey was done for the year 1973; the first English survey, 1981. U.S. surveys are done every year but less often in England. Only the U.S. survey estimates rape victimization. In the graphics, robbery was defined in both countries as non-commercial robbery; assault was defined as aggravated assault in the U.S., and wounding in England; burglary was defined in both countries as residential burglary (excluding commercial burglary); motor vehicle theft was defined in both countries as completed non-commercial motor vehicle theft (excluding unsuccessful attempts and excluding thefts of commercial vehicles). Note that pre-1992 U.S. estimates for assault and burglary were adjusted to make them comparable to later year estimates.
One of the best ways to determine the level of serious crime in a country is through crime victim surveys. In these surveys of the general public, samples of persons are asked whether they had been victimized by crime in the recent past. Interviewers ask about all crime, whether reported to police or not.
National crime victim surveys are conducted in both the United States and England (including Wales). In 1995 --
The higher volume of crime in the United States is due, at least in part,to the greater population size of the United States. A more meaningful comparison is between the crime rates of the two countries.
According to victim surveys, which country has higher crime rates?
According to 1995 crime victim surveys, the --
According to national surveys of crime victims, is the crime rate increasing or decreasing in each country?
Comparing 1981 crime rates from victim surveys to rates for 1995 (the latest year that U.S. and English surveys have in common), the rate of victimization from --
As a result of different crime trends in the two countries --
- in spreadsheets
|Figure 3||Figure 4|
Motor vehicle theft