BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Crime and Justice in the United States
and in England and Wales, 1981-96

by Patrick A. Langan, Ph.D., BJS Statistician and
David P. Farrington, Ph.D., BJS Visiting Fellow, University of Cambridge


This report compares crime in the United States and England with respect to crime rates (as measured both by victimization surveys and police statistics), conviction rates, incarceration rates, and length of sentences. Crime rates as measured in victim surveys are all higher in England than the United States. Crime rates as measured in police statistics are higher in England for half of the measured crime types. A person committing serious crime in the United States is generally more likely than one in England to be caught, convicted, and incarcerated. Incarceration sentences are also generally longer in the United States than England.

The full report in Adobe Acrobat format and the press release in text format are available for downloading from http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=750.

Table of contents

  • Appendix 2: U.S. and English databases for the study
    Part 1: U.S. database, tables 16-27
    Part 2: English database tables 28-39


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