BJS: Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
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Crime and Justice in the United States
and in England and Wales, 1981-96

Appendix 2: U.S. databases for the study Part 1

Appendix table 16 | Appendix table 17 | Appendix table 18 | Appendix table 19
Appendix table 20 | Appendix table 21 | Appendix table 22 | Appendix table 23
Appendix table 24 | Appendix table 25 | Appendix table 26 | Appendix table 27

Appendix 2 - Part 1 tables in spreadsheets (29K zip file)

Appendix table 16.
U.S. murder 1981 1982 1983 1984
Number of police-recorded offenses 22,520 21,010 19,310 18,690
Population (in thousands) 229,146 231,534 233,981 236,158
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 0.0983 0.0907 0.0825 0.0791
Number of offenders per offense 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15
Offender population 25,898 24,162 22,207 21,494
Number of offenders convicted 8,797 8,150
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 196,239 200,354
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.0448 0.0407
Number of offenders per conviction 2.9 2.7
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.340 0.367
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 340 367
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 8,272 7,688
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.042 0.038
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 94.0% 94.3%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.319 0.346
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 319.4 346.2
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 254.6 249.2
Time served before being released (in months) 94.0 105.7
Percent of incarceration sentence served 36.9% 42.4%
Number of days served per offender 914.0 1,114.1
Number of months served per offender 30.0 36.6
Number of persons arrested 21,590 20,310
U.S. murder 1985 1986 1987 1988
Number of police-recorded offenses 18,980 20,610 20,100 20,680
Population (in thousands) 238,740 241,077 243,400 245,807
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 0.0795 0.0855 0.0826 0.0841
Number of offenders per offense 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15
Offender population 21,827 23,702 23,115 23,782
Number of offenders convicted 10,699 10,164
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 205,878 209,661
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.0520 0.0485
Number of offenders per conviction 2.2 2.3
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.451 0.427
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 451 427
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 10,024 9,522
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.049 0.045
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 93.7% 93.7%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.423 0.400
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 422.9 400.4
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 239.5 252.5
Time served before being released (in months) 108.9 112.3
Percent of incarceration sentence served 45.4% 44.5%
Number of days served per offender 1401.4 1368.4
Number of months served per offender 46.0 45.0
Number of persons arrested 19,190 21,890
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Appendix table 17.
U.S. murder 1989 1990 1991 1992
Number of police-recorded offenses 21,500 23,440 24,700 23,760
Population (in thousands) 248,239 248,710 252,177 255,082
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 0.0866 0.0942 0.0979 0.0931
Number of offenders per offense 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15
Offender population 24,725 26,956 28,405 27,324
Number of offenders convicted 12,270 13,522
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 211,919 217,291
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.0579 0.0622
Number of offenders per conviction 2.2 2.0
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.455 0.495
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 455 495
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 11,501 12,974
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.054 0.060
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 93.7% 96.0%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.427 0.475
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 426.7 474.8
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 245.2 252.3
Time served before being released (in months) 112.8 122.2
Percent of incarceration sentence served 46.0% 48.4%
Number of days served per offender 1,464.9 1,765.7
Number of months served per offender 48.1 58.0
Number of persons arrested 22,990 22,510

U.S. murder 1993 1994 1995 1996
Number of police-recorded offenses 24,530 23,330 21,600 19,650
Population (in thousands) 257,908 260,341 262,755 265,284
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 0.0951 0.0896 0.0822 0.0741
Number of offenders per offense 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15
Offender population 28,210 26,830 24,840 22,598
Number of offenders convicted 13,068
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 221,890 226,557
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.0589
Number of offenders per conviction 2.1
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.487
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 487
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 12,513
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.056
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 95.8%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.466
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 466.4
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 266.4
Time served before being released (in months) 126.9
Percent of incarceration sentence served 47.6%
Number of days served per offender 1801.6

Number of months served per offender 59.2
Number of persons arrested 22,100

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Appendix table 18.
U.S. rape 1981 1982 1983 1984
Number of police-recorded offenses 82,500 78,770 78,920 84,230
Female population (in thousands) 116,864 118,082 119,330 120,441
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 female population 0.7059 0.6671 0.6614 0.6993
Number of offenders per offense 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Offender population 99,000 94,524 94,704 101,076
Number of offenders convicted 9,559 9,804
Male population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 96,157 98,173
Number convicted per 1,000 male population ages 10 or older 0.0994 0.0999
Number of offenders per conviction 10.4 9.7
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.097 0.104
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 97 104
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 7,857 8,059
Number incarcerated per 1,000 male population ages 10 or older 0.082 0.082
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 82.2% 82.2%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.079 0.085
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 79.4 85.1
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 123.2 92.1
Time served before being released (in months) 59.3 46.9
Percent of incarceration sentence served 48.1% 51.0%
Number of days served per offender 143.3 121.5
Number of months served per offender 4.7 4.0
Number of persons arrested 31,710 34,080
U.S. rape 1985 1986 1987 1988
Number of police-recorded offenses 88,670 91,460 91,110 92,490
Female population (in thousands) 121,757 122,949 124,134 125,362
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 female population 0.7283 0.7439 0.7340 0.7378
Number of offenders per offense 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Offender population 106,404 109,752 109,332 110,988
Number of offenders convicted 17,754 17,558
Male population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 100,880 102,734
Number convicted per 1,000 male population ages 10 or older 0.1760 0.1709
Number of offenders per conviction 6.2 6.3
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.162 0.158
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 162 158
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 14,640 14,476
Number incarcerated per 1,000 male population ages 10 or older 0.145 0.141
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 82.5% 82.4%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.133 0.130
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 133.4 130.4
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 125.2 140.9
Time served before being released (in months) 53.4 62.4
Percent of incarceration sentence served 42.7% 44.3%
Number of days served per offender 216.9 247.5
Number of months served per offender 7.1 8.1
Number of persons arrested 37,140 38,610
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Appendix table 19.
U.S. rape 1989 1990 1991 1992
Number of police-recorded offenses 94,500 102,560 106,590 109,060
Female population (in thousands) 126,602 126,842 128,610 130,092
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 female population 0.7464 0.8086 0.8288 0.8383
Number of offenders per offense 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Offender population 113,400 123,072 127,908 130,872
Number of offenders convicted 20,277 24,711
Male population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 103,840 106,473
Number convicted per 1,000 male population ages 10 or older 0.1953 0.2321
Number of offenders per conviction 6.1 5.3
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.165 0.189
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 165 189
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 16,586 20,215
Number incarcerated per 1,000 male population ages 10 or older 0.160 0.190
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 81.8% 81.8%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.135 0.154
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 134.8 154.5
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 121.9 124.0
Time served before being released (in months) 59.9 69.5
Percent of incarceration sentence served 49.1% 56.1%
Number of days served per offender 245.7 327.0
Number of months served per offender 8.1 10.7
Number of persons arrested 39,160 39,100
U.S. rape 1993 1994 1995 1996
Number of police-recorded offenses 106,010 102,220 97,460 95,770
Female population (in thousands) 131,533 132,774 134,005 135,295
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 female population 0.8060 0.7699 0.7273 0.7079
Number of offenders per offense 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Offender population 127,212 122,664 116,952 114,924
Number of offenders convicted 23,047
Male population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 108,726 111,013
Number convicted per 1,000 male population ages 10 or older 0.2120

Number of offenders per conviction 5.3
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.188

Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 188
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 19,000
Number incarcerated per 1,000 male population ages 10 or older 0.175
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 82.4%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.155
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 154.9
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 123.0
Time served before being released (in months) 67.6
Percent of incarceration sentence served 54.9%
Number of days served per offender 318.7

Number of months served per offender 10.5

Number of persons arrested 36,610
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Appendix table 20.
U.S. robbery 1981 1982 1983 1984
Victim survey offenses 1,380,800 1,333,700 1,149,170 1,116,680
Population ages 12 or older (in thousands) 186,336 188,497 190,504 191,962
Survey crime rate per 1,000 population ages 12 or older 7.41 7.08 6.03 5.82
Number of offenders per offense 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Percent of offenses reported to police 56.0% 56.0% 53.0% 54.0%
Number of offenses reported to police 773,248 746,872 609,060 603,007
Number of comparable offenses recorded by police 503,075 469,322 429,817 411,523
Probability of an offense being recorded by police 0.364 0.352 0.374 0.369
Percent of reported offenses that were recorded by police 65.1% 62.8% 70.6% 68.2%
Number of police-recorded offenses 592,910 553,130 506,570 485,010
Population (in thousands) 229,146 231,534 233,981 236,158
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 2.587 2.389 2.165 2.054
Number of offenders convicted 55,517 48,334
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 196,239 200,354
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.283 0.241
Offender population 3,251,491 2,706,052
Number of offenders per conviction 58.6 56.0
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.017 0.018
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 17 18
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 43,471 38,412
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.222 0.192
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 78.3% 79.5%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.013 0.014
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 13.4 14.2
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 81.9 73.3
Time served before being released (in months) 41.0 37.9
Percent of incarceration sentence served 50.1% 51.8%
Number of days served per offender 16.7 16.4
Number of persons arrested 153,890 146,170
U.S. robbery 1985 1986 1987 1988
Victim survey offenses 984,810 1,009,160 1,045,960 1,048,000
Population ages 12 or older (in thousands) 194,097 196,160 197,727 199,412
Survey crime rate per 1,000 population ages 12 or older 5.07 5.14 5.29 5.26
Number of offenders per offense 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Percent of offenses reported to police 54.0% 58.0% 55.0% 57.0%
Number of offenses reported to police 531,797 585,313 575,278 597,360
Number of comparable offenses recorded by police 422,435 460,540 439,260 460,701
Probability of an offense being recorded by police 0.429 0.456 0.420 0.440
Percent of reported offenses that were recorded by police 79.4% 78.7% 76.4% 77.1%
Number of police-recorded offenses 497,870 542,780 517,700 542,970
Population (in thousands) 238,740 241,077 243,400 245,807
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 2.085 2.251 2.127 2.209
Number of offenders convicted 56,563 48,996
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 205,878 209,661
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.275 0.234
Offender population 2,376,358 2,467,818
Number of offenders per conviction 42.0 50.4
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.024 0.020
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 24 20
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 43,742 39,273
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.212 0.187
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 77.3% 80.2%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.018 0.016
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 18.4 15.9
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 110.8 90.4
Time served before being released (in months) 48.9 41.0
Percent of incarceration sentence served 44.1% 45.4%
Number of days served per offender 27.4 19.9
Number of persons arrested 145,800 149,100
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Appendix table 21.
U.S. robbery 1989 1990 1991 1992
Victim survey offenses 1,091,830 1,149,710 1,203,020 1,271,830
Population ages 12 or older (in thousands) 201,376 203,274 204,280 209,353
Survey crime rate per 1,000 population ages 12 or older 5.42 5.66 5.89 6.08
Number of offenders per offense 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Percent of offenses reported to police 51.0% 50.0% 55.0% 58.0%
Number of offenses reported to police 556,833 574,855 661,661 737,661
Number of comparable offenses recorded by police 490,704 542,410 583,528 570,589
Probability of an offense being recorded by police 0.449 0.472 0.485 0.449
Percent of reported offenses that were recorded by police 88.1% 94.4% 88.2% 77.4%
Number of police-recorded offenses 578,330 639,270 687,730 672,480
Population (in thousands) 248,239 248,710 252,177 255,082
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 2.330 2.570 2.727 2.636
Number of offenders convicted 63,230 70,560
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 211,919 217,292
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.298 0.325
Offender population 2,707,323 2,994,890
Number of offenders per conviction 42.8 42.4
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.023 0.024
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 23 24
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 51,536 57,059
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.243 0.263
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 81.5% 80.9%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.019 0.019
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 19.0 19.1
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 85.5 87.6
Time served before being released (in months) 41.4 42.0
Percent of incarceration sentence served 48.4% 48.0%
Number of days served per offender 24.0 24.4
Number of persons arrested 167,990 173,310
U.S. robbery 1993 1994 1995 1996
Victim survey offenses 1,291,020 1,298,750 1,141,820 1,134,000
Population ages 12 or older (in thousands) 211,525 213,747 215,081 217,234
Survey crime rate per 1,000 population ages 12 or older 6.10 6.08 5.31 5.22
Number of offenders per offense 1.8 1.8 1.8
Percent of offenses reported to police 56.0% 55.0% 55.0%
Number of offenses reported to police 722,971 714,313 628,001
Number of comparable offenses recorded by police 559,889 525,169 492,587
Probability of an offense being recorded by police 0.434 0.404 0.431
Percent of reported offenses that were recorded by police 77.4% 73.5% 78.4%
Number of police-recorded offenses 659,870 618,950 580,550 537,050
Population (in thousands) 257,908 260,341 262,755 265,284
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 2.559 2.377 2.209 2.024
Number of offenders convicted 65,829
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 221,890 226,557
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.297
Offender population 3,058,281
Number of offenders per conviction 46.5
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.022
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 22
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 51,734
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.233
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 78.6%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.017
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 16.9
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 88.8
Time served before being released (in months) 42.8
Percent of incarceration sentence served 48.2%
Number of days served per offender 22.1
Number of persons arrested 172,290
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Appendix table 22.
U.S. assault 1981 1982 1983 1984
Victim survey offenses 2,226,792 2,175,332 1,881,464 2,141,852
Population ages 12 or older (in thousands) 186,336 188,497 190,504 191,962
Survey crime rate per 1,000 population ages 12 or older 11.95 11.54 9.88 11.16
Number of offenders per offense 1.5 1.5
Percent of offenses reported to police 46.7% 52.0% 50.2% 47.8%
Number of offenses reported to police 1,040,193 1,130,356 944,668 1,023,138
Number of comparable offenses recorded by police 630,705 636,006 620,626 651,083
Probability of an offense being recorded by police 0.283 0.292 0.330 0.304
Percent of reported offenses that were recorded by police 60.6% 56.3% 65.7% 63.6%
Number of police-recorded offenses 663,900 669,480 653,290 685,350
Population (in thousands) 229,146 231,534 233,981 236,158
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 2.897 2.891 2.792 2.902
Number of offenders convicted 31,907 37,514
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 196,239 200,354
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.163 0.187
Offender population 3,515,987 2,970,733
Number of offenders per conviction 110.2 79.2
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.009 0.013
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 9 13
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 19,649 23,385
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.100 0.117
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 61.6% 62.3%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.006 0.008
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 5.6 7.9
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 42.5 44.4
Time served before being released (in months) 21.3 22.6
Percent of incarceration sentence served 50.1% 50.9%
Number of days served per offender 3.6 5.4
Number of persons arrested 283,270 298,830
U.S. assault 1985 1986 1987 1988
Victim survey offenses 1,990,411 1,913,159 1,968,450 2,159,311
Population ages 12 or older (in thousands) 194,097 196,160 197,727 199,412
Survey crime rate per 1,000 population ages 12 or older 10.25 9.75 9.96 10.83
Number of offenders per offense 1.5 1.5
Percent of offenses reported to police 52.0% 52.9% 53.8% 48.4%
Number of offenses reported to police 1,035,055 1,012,034 1,058,929 1,045,446
Number of comparable offenses recorded by police 687,088 792,604 812,336 864,586
Probability of an offense being recorded by police 0.345 0.414 0.413 0.400
Percent of reported offenses that were recorded by police 66.4% 78.3% 76.7% 82.7%
Number of police-recorded offenses 723,250 834,320 855,090 910,090
Population (in thousands) 238,740 241,077 243,400 245,807
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 3.029 3.461 3.513 3.702
Number of offenders convicted 54,374 53,332
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 205,878 209,661
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.264 0.254
Offender population 3,020,777 3,409,439
Number of offenders per conviction 55.6 63.9
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.018 0.016
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 18 16
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 32,533 32,715
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.158 0.156
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 59.8% 61.3%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.011 0.010
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 10.8 9.6
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 58.8 53.3
Time served before being released (in months) 26.8 24.4
Percent of incarceration sentence served 45.5% 45.7%
Number of days served per offender 8.8 7.1
Number of persons arrested 351,770 416,300
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Appendix table 23.
U.S. assault 1989 1990 1991 1992
Victim survey offenses 2,064,240 1,984,831 2,026,644 2,316,690
Population ages 12 or older (in thousands) 201,376 203,274 204,280 209,353
Survey crime rate per 1,000 population ages 12 or older 10.25 9.76 9.92 11.07
Number of offenders per offense 1.5 1.5
Percent of offenses reported to police 46.6% 52.9% 52.0% 55.0%
Number of offenses reported to police 962,400 1,049,948 1,053,898 1,274,180
Number of comparable offenses recorded by police 904,125 1,002,117 1,038,103 1,070,622
Probability of an offense being recorded by police 0.438 0.505 0.512 0.462
Percent of reported offenses that were recorded by police 93.9% 95.4% 98.5% 84.0%
Number of police-recorded offenses 951,710 1,054,860 1,092,740 1,126,970
Population (in thousands) 248,239 248,710 252,177 255,082
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 3.834 4.241 4.333 4.418
Number of offenders convicted 77,617 90,318
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 211,919 217,292
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.366 0.416
Offender population 3,133,943 3,657,932
Number of offenders per conviction 40.4 40.5
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.025 0.025
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 25 25
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 47,438 54,311
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.224 0.250
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 61.1% 60.1%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.015 0.015
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 15.1 14.8
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 47.4 49.5
Time served before being released (in months) 22.9 24.0
Percent of incarceration sentence served 48.2% 48.5%
Number of days served per offender 10.5 10.9
Number of persons arrested 475,330 507,210
U.S. assault 1993 1994 1995 1996
Victim survey offenses 2,562,860 2,478,150 1,891,770 1,910,000
Population ages 12 or older (in thousands) 211,525 213,747 215,081 217,234
Survey crime rate per 1,000 population ages 12 or older 12.12 11.59 8.80 8.79
Number of offenders per offense 1.5
Percent of offenses reported to police 53.0% 52.0% 54.0%
Number of offenses reported to police 1,358,316 1,288,638 1,021,556
Number of comparable offenses recorded by police 1,078,830 1,057,521 1,044,221
Probability of an offense being recorded by police 0.421 0.427 0.552
Percent of reported offenses that were recorded by police 79.4% 82.1% 100.0%
Number of police-recorded offenses 1,135,610 1,113,180 1,099,180 1,029,810
Population (in thousands) 257,908 260,341 262,755 265,284
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 4.403 4.276 4.183 3.882
Number of offenders convicted 97,046
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 221,890 226,557
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.437
Offender population 3,912,868
Number of offenders per conviction 40.3
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.025
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 25
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 60,225
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.271
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 62.1%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.015
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 15.4
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 47.8
Time served before being released (in months) 23.6
Percent of incarceration sentence served 49.3%
Number of days served per offender 11.0
Number of persons arrested 547,760
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Appendix table 24.
U.S. burglary 1981 1982 1983 1984
Victim survey offenses 8,908,656 8,017,789 7,277,754 6,771,302
Number of households (in thousands) 84,095 85,211 86,635 88,039
Survey crime rate per 1,000 households 105.94 94.09 84.00 76.91
Number of offenders per offense 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Percent of offenses reported to police 49.0% 47.0% 47.0% 47.0%
Number of offenses reported to police 4,361,549 3,771,456 3,423,354 3,185,126
Number of comparable offenses recorded by police 2,532,399 2,309,557 2,097,033 1,999,548
Probability of an offense being recorded by police 0.284 0.288 0.288 0.295
Percent of reported offenses that were recorded by police 58.1% 61.2% 61.3% 62.8%
Number of police-recorded offenses 3,779,700 3,447,100 3,129,900 2,984,400
Population (in thousands) 229,146 231,534 233,981 236,158
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 16.495 14.888 13.377 12.637
Number of offenders convicted 190,846 199,679
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 196,239 200,354
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.973 0.997
Offender population 18,615,102 15,207,247
Number of offenders per conviction 97.5 76.2
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.010 0.013
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 10 13
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 102,525 111,355
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.522 0.556
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 53.7% 55.8%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.006 0.007
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 5.5 7.3
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 36.6 38.3
Time served before being released (in months) 17.1 17.5
Percent of incarceration sentence served 46.7% 45.7%
Number of days served per offender 2.9 3.9
Number of persons arrested 518,900 475,800

U.S. burglary 1985 1986 1987 1988
Victim survey offenses 6,713,318 6,667,932 6,845,469 6,932,145
Number of households (in thousands) 89,263 90,395 91,823 93,362
Survey crime rate per 1,000 households 75.21 73.76 74.55 74.25
Number of offenders per offense 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Percent of offenses reported to police 48.0% 49.9% 49.9% 49.0%
Number of offenses reported to police 3,222,297 3,328,533 3,417,157 3,393,878
Number of comparable offenses recorded by police 2,059,111 2,171,738 2,168,254 2,156,127
Probability of an offense being recorded by police 0.307 0.326 0.317 0.311
Percent of reported offenses that were recorded by police 63.9% 65.2% 63.5% 63.5%
Number of police-recorded offenses 3,073,300 3,241,400 3,236,200 3,218,100
Population (in thousands) 238,740 241,077 243,400 245,807
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 12.873 13.445 13.296 13.092
Number of offenders convicted 169,976 158,570
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 205,878 209,661
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.826 0.756
Offender population 13,932,992 14,485,079
Number of offenders per conviction 82.0 91.3
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.012 0.011
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 12 11
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 98,454 95,447
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.478 0.455
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 57.9% 60.2%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.007 0.007
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 7.1 6.6
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 47.8 48.0
Time served before being released (in months) 21.3 18.9
Percent of incarceration sentence served 44.5% 39.4%
Number of days served per offender 4.6 3.8
Number of persons arrested 450,600 463,400
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Appendix table 25.
U.S. burglary 1989 1990 1991 1992
Victim survey offenses 6,422,782 6,177,299 6,223,891 5,802,761
Number of households (in thousands) 94,899 95,763 96,282 99,046
Survey crime rate per 1,000 households 67.68 64.51 64.64 58.59
Number of offenders per offense 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Percent of offenses reported to police 48.0% 49.0% 48.0% 51.0%
Number of offenses reported to police 3,082,844 3,024,316 2,987,379 2,959,408
Number of comparable offenses recorded by police 2,122,694 2,059,513 2,115,324 1,996,533
Probability of an offense being recorded by police 0.330 0.333 0.340 0.344
Percent of reported offenses that were recorded by police 68.9% 68.1% 70.8% 67.5%
Number of police-recorded offenses 3,168,200 3,073,900 3,157,200 2,979,900
Population (in thousands) 248,239 248,710 252,177 255,082
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 12.763 12.359 12.520 11.682
Number of offenders convicted 174,890 181,997
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 211,919 217,292
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.825 0.838
Offender population 12,907,789 12,125,172
Number of offenders per conviction 73.8 66.6
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.014 0.015
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 14 15
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 103,603 109,536
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.489 0.504
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 59.2% 60.2%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.008 0.009
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 8.0 9.0
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 51.5 46.9
Time served before being released (in months) 21.0 20.2
Percent of incarceration sentence served 40.8% 43.0%
Number of days served per offender 5.1 5.5
Number of persons arrested 432,600 424,000
U.S. burglary 1993 1994 1995 1996
Victim survey offenses 5,984,004 5,482,720 4,825,670 4,845,000
Number of households (in thousands) 99,926 100,808 101,505 102,697
Survey crime rate per 1,000 households 59.88 54.39 47.54 47.18
Number of offenders per offense 1.4 1.4 1.4
Percent of offenses reported to police 49.0% 51.0% 50.0%
Number of offenses reported to police 2,932,162 2,796,187 2,412,835
Number of comparable offenses recorded by police 1,899,316 1,817,576 1,738,650
Probability of an offense being recorded by police 0.317 0.332 0.360
Percent of reported offenses that were recorded by police 64.8% 65.0% 72.1%
Number of police-recorded offenses 2,834,800 2,712,800 2,595,000 2,501,500
Population (in thousands) 257,908 260,341 262,755 265,284
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 10.992 10.420 9.876 9.430
Number of offenders convicted 161,975
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 221,890 226,557
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.730
Offender population 11,456,430
Number of offenders per conviction 70.7
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.014
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 14
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 96,369
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.434
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 59.5%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.008
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 8.4
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 43.1
Time served before being released (in months) 18.0
Percent of incarceration sentence served 41.7%
Number of days served per offender 4.6
Number of persons arrested 396,100
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Appendix table 26.
U.S. motor vehicle theft 1981 1982 1983 1984
Victim survey offenses (completed) 894,639 952,433 808,716 830,985
Number of households (in thousands) 84,095 85,211 86,635 88,039
Survey crime rate per 1,000 households 10.64 11.18 9.33 9.44
Number of offenders per offense 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Percent of offenses reported to police 87.0% 88.6% 88.4% 86.0%
Number of offenses reported to police 778,336 843,856 714,905 714,647
Number of comparable offenses recorded by police 722,299 705,434 669,246 685,381
Probability of an offense being recorded by police 0.807 0.741 0.828 0.825
Percent of reported offenses that were recorded by police 92.8% 83.6% 93.6% 95.9%
Number of police-recorded offenses 1,087,800 1,062,400 1,007,900 1,032,200
Population (in thousands) 229,146 231,534 233,981 236,158
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 4.747 4.589 4.308 4.371
Number of offenders convicted 14,489 21,465
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 196,239 200,354
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.074 0.107
Offender population 2,021,022 1,826,918
Number of offenders per conviction 139.5 85.1
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.007 0.012
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 7 12
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 7,254 11,073
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.037 0.055
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 50.1% 51.6%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.004 0.006
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 3.6 6.1
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 26.2 23.5
Time served before being released (in months) 12.1 12.5
Percent of incarceration sentence served 46.1% 53.4%
Number of days served per offender 1.3 2.3
Number of persons arrested 129,200 119,400
U.S. motor vehicle theft 1985 1986 1987 1988
Victim survey offenses (completed) 825,614 881,310 986,812 1,078,489
Number of households (in thousands) 89,263 90,395 91,823 93,362
Survey crime rate per 1,000 households 9.25 9.75 10.75 11.55
Number of offenders per offense 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Percent of offenses reported to police 88.9% 88.5% 88.6% 89.6%
Number of offenses reported to police 733,971 779,959 874,315 966,326
Number of comparable offenses recorded by police 732,326 812,802 855,697 951,446
Probability of an offense being recorded by police 0.887 0.922 0.867 0.882
Percent of reported offenses that were recorded by police 99.8% 100.0% 97.9% 98.5%
Number of police-recorded offenses 1,102,900 1,224,100 1,288,700 1,432,900
Population (in thousands) 238,740 241,077 243,400 245,807
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 4.620 5.078 5.295 5.829
Number of offenders convicted 35,947 41,623
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 205,878 209,661
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.175 0.199
Offender population 1,990,910 2,436,345
Number of offenders per conviction 55.4 58.5
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.018 0.017
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 18 17
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 17,619 20,190
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.086 0.096
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 49.0% 48.5%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.009 0.008
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 8.8 8.3
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 26.8 24.6
Time served before being released (in months) 13.5 10.3
Percent of incarceration sentence served 50.3% 41.7%
Number of days served per offender 3.6 2.6
Number of persons arrested 153,600 208,400
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Appendix table 27.
U.S. motor vehicle theft 1989 1990 1991 1992
Victim survey offenses (completed) 1,183,078 1,219,880 1,367,268 1,192,470
Number of households (in thousands) 94,899 95,763 96,282 99,046
Survey crime rate per 1,000 households 12.47 12.74 14.20 12.04
Number of offenders per offense 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Percent of offenses reported to police 93.1% 94.8% 92.4% 92.2%
Number of offenses reported to police 1,101,446 1,156,447 1,263,355 1,099,457
Number of comparable offenses recorded by police 1,039,027 1,086,238 1,103,369 1,069,571
Probability of an offense being recorded by police 0.878 0.890 0.807 0.897
Percent of reported offenses that were recorded by police 94.3% 93.9% 87.3% 97.3%
Number of police-recorded offenses 1,564,800 1,635,900 1,661,700 1,610,800
Population (in thousands) 248,239 248,710 252,177 255,082
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 6.304 6.578 6.589 6.315
Number of offenders convicted 53,575 53,245
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 211,919 217,292
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.253 0.245
Offender population 2,755,754 2,693,832
Number of offenders per conviction 51.4 50.6
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.19 0.20
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 19 20
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 27,656 28,962
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.131 0.133
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 51.6% 54.4%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.010 0.011
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 10.0 10.8
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 29.3 27.9
Time served before being released (in months) 12.6 13.3
Percent of incarceration sentence served 43.0% 47.9%
Number of days served per offender 3.8 4.4
Number of persons arrested 211,300 197,600
U.S. motor vehicle theft 1993 1994 1995 1996
Victim survey offenses (completed) 1,293,958 1,164,035 1,091,521 938,000
Number of households (in thousands) 99,926 100,808 101,505 102,697
Survey crime rate per 1,000 households 12.95 11.55 10.75 9.13
Number of offenders per offense 1.5 1.5 1.5
Percent of offenses reported to police 93.4% 92.4% 88.8%
Number of offenses reported to police 1,208,557 1,075,569 969,271
Number of comparable offenses recorded by police 1,037,898 1,022,095 977,873
Probability of an offense being recorded by police 0.802 0.878 0.896
Percent of reported offenses that were recorded by police 85.9% 95.0% 100.0%
Number of police-recorded offenses 1,563,100 1,539,300 1,472,700 1,395,200
Population (in thousands) 257,908 260,341 262,755 265,284
Police-recorded crime rate per 1,000 population 6.061 5.913 5.605 5.259
Number of offenders convicted 47,377
Population ages 10 or older (in thousands) 221,890 226,557
Number convicted per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.214
Offender population 2,629,598
Number of offenders per conviction 55.5
Probability of an offender being convicted 0.18
Number of convictions per 1,000 offenders 18
Number of offenders sentenced to incarceration 26,006
Number incarcerated per 1,000 population ages 10 or older 0.117
Percent of convicted offenders who were incarcerated 54.9%
Probability of an offender being incarcerated 0.010
Number incarcerated per 1,000 offenders 9.9
Incarceration sentence length (in months) 23.5
Time served before being released (in months) 11.1
Percent of incarceration sentence served 47.4%
Number of days served per offender 3.4
Number of persons arrested 200,200

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