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Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, 2006 - Statistical Tables

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Table 2. Number of applications and denials, by type of agency and type of check, 1999-2006
Type of checks conducted
2006
1999-2006a
Applications 
 
Denials 
 
Percent denied
Applications 
Denials
 
Percent denied
  National total (FIST and FBI) 
8,612,201
134,442
1.6
%
  
65,781,832
1,182,207
1.8
%
  FBI total
5,262,752
69,930
1.3
 
37,209,299
544,527
1.5
 
  State and local total (FIST)b
3,349,449
64,512
1.9
 
28,572,533
637,680
2.2
 
State agencies
           
     Total
2,947,148
54,809
1.9
%
24,400,779
548,719
2.2
%
  Instant checkc
1,976,277
39,294
2.0
 
17,084,588
425,381
2.5
 
  Purchase permitd
292,914
8,132
2.8
 
2,533,589
57,573
2.3
 
  Exempt carry permite
266,118
3,107
1.2
 
1,511,011
31,488
2.1
 
  Other approvalsf
411,839
4,276
1.0
 
3,271,591
34,277
1.1
 
Local agenciesg
           
     Total
562,587
9,703
1.7
%
4,764,677
88,961
1.9
%
  Purchase permitd
332,392
7,262
2.2
 
3,047,846
64,684
2.1
 
  Exempt carry permite
184,450
2,143
1.2
 
1,315,743
20,950
1.6
 
  Other approvalsf
45,745
298
0.7
 
401,088
3,327
0.8
 
Note: Counts are rounded to the nearest 1,000.
aTotals for the 8-year period include December 1998.
bAgencies that conduct exempt carry permit checks in Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Dakota, South Carolina, Texas, and Wyoming request an FBI background check, but the state agency makes the decision to approve or deny an applicant. Applications in these states are included in FBI checks but denials are included in state and local checks, causing a reduction of FIST total applications by 160,286 in 2006 and 592,923 for 1999 to 2006.
cInstant check requires a seller to transmit a buyer's application to a checking agency by telephone or computer; the agency is required to respond immediately or as soon as possible.
dPurchase permit systems require a buyer to obtain, after a background check, a government-issued document such as a permit, license, or identification card that must be presented to a seller in order to receive a firearm.
eExempt carry permit is a state concealed weapons permit, issued after a background check, that exempts the holder from a new check at the time of purchase under an ATF ruling or state law.
fOther approval systems require a seller to transmit an application to a checking agency, with transfers delayed until a waiting period expires or the agency completes a check.
gTotals were estimated. See Methodology for more detail.

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